Timing and time perception: A review of recent behavioral and neuroscience findings and theoretical directions


The aim of the present review article is to guide the reader through portions of the human time perception, or temporal processing, literature. After distinguishing the main contemporary issues related to time perception, the article focuses on the main findings and explanations that are available in the literature on explicit judgments about temporal intervals. The review emphasizes studies that are concerned with the processing of intervals lasting a few milliseconds to several seconds and covers studies issuing from either a behavioral or a neuroscience approach. It also discusses the question of whether there is an internal clock (pacemaker counter or oscillator device) that is dedicated to temporal processing and reports the main hypotheses regarding the involvement of biological structures in time perception.


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Correspondence to Simon Grondin.

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The present research was made possible by a research grant awarded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council of Canada (NSERC).

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Grondin, S. Timing and time perception: A review of recent behavioral and neuroscience findings and theoretical directions. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics 72, 561–582 (2010) doi:10.3758/APP.72.3.561

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  • Experimental Psychology
  • Supplementary Motor Area
  • Time Perception
  • Contingent Negative Variation
  • Internal Clock