Orthorexia nervosa: A frequent eating disordered behavior in athletes

  • C. Segura-García
  • M. C. Papaianni
  • F. Caglioti
  • L. Procopio
  • C. G. Nisticò
  • L. Bombardiere
  • A. Ammendolia
  • P. Rizza
  • P. De Fazio
  • L. Capranica
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Striving for enhancing athletic performance, many sportsmen undergo rigid dietary habits, which could lead to eating disorders (EDs) or Orthorexia Nervosa (ON), a psychopathological condition characterized by the obsession for high quality food. The aim of the study was to examine the occurrence of ON in athletes and to verify the relationship between ON and EDs. Five-hundred-seventy-seven athletes and 217 matched controls were administered the following tests: ORTO-15, Eating Attitude Test 26 (EAT-26), Body Uneasiness Test (BUT) and Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorder Scale (YBC-EDS). High positivity to ORTO-15 (28%) and EAT-26 (14%) emerged in athletes, whereas a high rate of BUT positivity was evident among controls (21%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that independent predictors of ON are previous dieting, age, positivity to YBC-EDS, positivity to EAT-26, competition level, and number of YBC-EDS preoccupations and rituals. Sharing many features with both EDs and Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum, ON represents a crossroad between these pathologic conditions and might compromise the health state of an athlete. Therefore, coaches should consider important to detect symptoms of EDs and ON in their athletes.

Key words

Diet eating disorders obsessive-compulsive spectrum orthorexia nervosa sport 

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Copyright information

© Editrice Kurtis 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Segura-García
    • 1
  • M. C. Papaianni
    • 1
  • F. Caglioti
    • 1
  • L. Procopio
    • 1
  • C. G. Nisticò
    • 1
  • L. Bombardiere
    • 1
  • A. Ammendolia
    • 2
  • P. Rizza
    • 1
  • P. De Fazio
    • 1
  • L. Capranica
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. Health SciencesUniversity Magna Graecia of CatanzaroCatanzaroItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medical and Surgical SciencesUniversity Magna Graecia of CatanzaroItaly
  3. 3.Department of Human Movement and Sport ScienceUniversity of Rome Foro ItalicoRomeItaly

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