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Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 21–27 | Cite as

Association between oxidative stress and macromolecular damage in elderly patients with age-related macular degeneration

  • Isabella Venza
  • Maria Visalli
  • Maria Cucinotta
  • Diana TetiEmail author
  • Mario Venza
Original Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Background and aims: The aim of the present study was to determine whether age and gender affect the imbalance between oxidant production and antioxidant levels in age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) patients. Methods: Total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), total glutathione peroxidase (T-GSHPx), and catalase (CAT) activities, as well as malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC), 8-Hydroxy-29-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and total oxidation status (TOS) levels, were measured in the following groups subdivided by age and gender: 156 early-ARMD patients; 80 wet-late ARMD patients; 72 dry-late ARMD patients; and 207 healthy controls. Results: Among all study participants, women aged 50–54 had higher T-SOD and T-GSHPx activities and lower MDA, PC, TOS and 8-OHdG levels than age-matched men (p<0.05), whereas older women were not significantly different from age-matched older men. Significantly increased oxidative damage was associated with ARMD patients >60 years of age in both sexes compared with controls (p<0.01 for 60–64 and 65–69-year-old ARMD subgroups; p<0.001 for 70–74 and 75–80-year-old ARMD subgroups). Multiple regression analysis demonstrates that age significantly affects antioxidant status and oxidative damage in ARMD patients compared with controls (controls, p<0.05; ARMD patients, p<0.001). A direct correlation with antioxidant enzyme activities and an inverse correlation with oxidative DNA, protein and lipid damage were also observed in premenopausal women (controls, p<0.05; ARMD patients, p<0.001). Conclusions: Aging and postmenopausal status may be aggravating factors contributing to redox imbalance and oxidative damage in ARMD patients.

Key words

Aging age-related macular degeneration antioxidant/pro-oxidant balance gender macromolecular damage menopause 

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Copyright information

© Springer Internal Publishing Switzerland 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabella Venza
    • 1
  • Maria Visalli
    • 1
  • Maria Cucinotta
    • 2
  • Diana Teti
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mario Venza
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Surgical SpecialitiesAzienda Ospedaliera Universitaria G. MartinoMessinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Experimental Pathology and Microbiology, Section of Experimental Pathology, Torre Biologica (IV p.)Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria G. MartinoMessinaItaly
  3. 3.Department of OdontostomatologyAzienda Ospedaliera Universitaria G. MartinoMessinaItaly

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