Rosiglitazone attenuates tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein-tyrosine phosphatase-1B production in HepG2 cells
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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α impairs insulin signaling and plays an important role in the development of insulin resistance. The underlying molecular mechanism by which TNF-α regulates hepatic protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP)-1B expression is not well understood. Rosiglitazone is used as a drug to improve insulin sensitivity in vivo. However, its effect on TNF-α-induced PTP-1B expression remains to be explored. In the present study, we sought to identify the mechanism of TNF-α-regulated hepatic PTP-1B expression and evaluate the effect of rosiglitazone on TNF-α-induced hepatic PTP-1B upregulation. TNF-α up-regulates PTP-1B expression in a dose-dependent manner and decreases insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of IR and insulin receptor substrate-1 in HepG2 cells. TNF-α increases p65 protein level and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activity. Inhibition of NF-κB activation by pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate impairs TNF-α-induced PTP-1B upregulation. Rosiglitazone significantly blocks TNF-α-induced PTP-1B upregulation and NF-κB activation. Our data strongly suggest that TNF-α-induced PTP-1B over-expression may contribute to hepatic IR in obesity and diabetes, and NF-κB is involved in rosiglitazone attenuated PTP-1B upregulation by TNF-α.
Key-wordsNF-κB PTP-1B rosiglitazone TNF-α
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