Self-Ignition of Fuel Consisting of Hydrogen Peroxide, Kerosene, and Pyrophoric Additives

Abstract—The possibility of creating an environmentally safe self-igniting fuel mixture for liquid-propellant rocket engines is investigated. The mixture is based on kerosene with pyrophoric additives and an oxidant: highly concentrated hydrogen-peroxide solution. The self-ignition of the components is studied experimentally. Tests are also conducted in the combustion chamber of a low-thrust liquid-propellant rocket engine.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.


  1. 1

    Kang, H., Jang, D., and Kwon, S., Demonstration of 500 N scale bipropellant thruster using non-toxic hypergolic fuel and hydrogen peroxide, Aerosp. Sci. Technol., 2016, vol. 49, pp. 209–214.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Rarata, G. and Wojciech, F., Assessment of various fuel additives for reliable hypergolic ignition with 98% + HTP, Proc. 66th Int. Astronautically Congr., Jerusalem, 2015, pp. 91–99.

  3. 3

    Cong, Y., Zhang, T., Li, T., et al., Propulsive performance of hypergolic H2O2/kerosene bipropellant, J. Propul. Power, 2004, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 83–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Cong, Y., Zhang, T., Dou, H., et al., Study of kerosene based fuel with hydrogen peroxide for hypergolic application, Proc. 2th Int. Conf. on Green Propellants for Space Propulsion, Calgary, 2004.

  5. 5

    Kozlov, A.A., Vorobiev, A.G., Borovik, I.N., et al., Development of ignition systems for 200 and 500 N thrusts with ecologically–clean propellants 94% HTHP + kerosene and oxygen (gas) + kerosene, Proc. 60th Int. Astronautical Congr., Daejeon, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, 2009, pp. 30–36.

  6. 6

    Tashev, V.P., Kerosene-based hydrocarbon fuel with additives to increase the energy efficiency of a liquid rocket engine, Cand. Sci. (Eng.) Dissertation, Moscow: Moscow Aviat. Inst., 2014.

  7. 7

    Kozlov, A.A., Abashev, V.M., Mordovin, V.Z., et al., Investigation of the working process in liquid rocket engine of small thrust at high concentration hydrogen peroxide with kerosene or alcohol with catalyst, Proc. Chinese–Russian–Ukrainian Workshop on Space Propulsion, September 17–19, 2002, Xian, 2002.

  8. 8

    Ul’man, E., Razrabotka novogo samovosplamenyayushchegosya topliva na baze perekisi vodoroda i kerosina s pirofornymi dobavkami (Development of New Self-Igniting Fuel Based on H2O2 and Kerosene with Pyrophoric Additives), Moscow: Mosk. Aviats. Inst., 2013.

Download references


Financial support was provided by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science (project 13.7418.2017/8.9).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. A. Ermashkevich.

Additional information

Translated by B. Gilbert

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kozlov, A.A., Borovik, I.N., Ermashkevich, A.A. et al. Self-Ignition of Fuel Consisting of Hydrogen Peroxide, Kerosene, and Pyrophoric Additives. Russ. Engin. Res. 40, 208–213 (2020).

Download citation


  • environmentally safe self-igniting fuel
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • kerosene
  • pyrophoric additives
  • low-thrust liquid-propellant rocket engine