Nano- and Micromechanical Parameters of AISI 316L Steel


The nano- and micro-indentation mechanical parameters of the AISI 316L stainless steel, such as nanohardness (НNI), microhardness (HMI), the Young modulus (E), the indices of plasticity (H/E) and resistance (H3/E2), and relaxation parameters hs, hres, he-p and their dependences on the value of P load applied to an indenter were studied. Hardness is shown to be slightly decreased in the microindentation interval (Р = 100–500 mN) with an increase in the load, whereas it grows substantially with P decrease in the region of nanoindentation (Р < 100 mN) to exhibit the Indentation Size Effect. The major peculiarities of the deformation process were established resulting from the study of the indenter penetration character. The presence of various mechanisms of the plastic deformation is supported during the indentation of AISI 316L steel (intragranular, intergranular, and rotational), and a physical interpretation of the observed patterns is offered. The results obtained are of great importance for practice, since the compound AISI 316L belongs to medical steels being used as implants in stomatology, bone impregnation, and biotechnology.

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We thank Dr. Tudor Branishte (National Centre for Material Science and Tests, Technical University of Moldova) for the atomic-force microscope (AFM) measurements.


This work was performed in the framework of the joint project of the ERA.Net RusPlus (RUS_ST2017-359), supported by grants nos. RFFI-18-51-76001 (Russian Foundation for Basic Research), 359 (Ministry of Education, Science and Technical Development, Serbia) and 18.80013.16.02.01/ERA.Net (Moldova).

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Correspondence to D. Grabco or D. Vilotic or S. Aleksandrov.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Translated by M. Baznat

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Grabco, D., Shikimaka, O., Pyrtsac, C. et al. Nano- and Micromechanical Parameters of AISI 316L Steel. Surf. Engin. Appl.Electrochem. 56, 719–726 (2020).

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  • AISI 316L steel
  • nano- and microindentation
  • hardness
  • Young’s modulus
  • plasticity and resistance indices
  • relaxation parameters
  • plastic deformation mechanisms