Skip to main content

Effects of Fluoride Emissions on Snow Cover Pollution in Bratsk in the Winter of 2016/2017


Data on the fluoride fallout to the snow cover in Bratsk (the Irkutsk oblast) are analyzed to enhance the snow cover pollution presentation and monitoring data interpretation. The simulation of the fallout of fluorides emitted by the aluminum plant in Bratsk in the winter of 2016/2017 was carried out using the MRR-2017 approach. The comparison of the calculated fluoride fallout density fields with the data provided by the local Administration for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring demonstrated that the calculated values of long-period concentrations and fallout densities of fluorides at the individual observation points in the Bratsk area are in good agreement. The results support the applicability of the MRR-2017 approach for evaluating and generalizing measurements of snow cover chemistry.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2


  1. M. E. Berlyand, Modern Problems of Atmospheric Diffusion and Pollution (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1975) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  2. M. S. Bespalov, “Modeling Pollutant Transport in the Atmosphere as a Tool for Air Protection Activities,” Problemy Ekologicheskogo Monitoringa i Modelirovaniya Ekosistem, No. 1, 27 (2016) [in Russian].

  3. Bratsk Aluminum Plant, [in Russian].

  4. E. K. Garger, “The Rate of Dry Deposition of Radioactive Substances of Chernobyl Origin According to Observations,” Problemi Bezpeki Atomnikh Elektrostantsii i Chornobilya, No. 31 (2018) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  5. N. D. Davydova, “Monitoring Natural Environment of Siberian Regions in Snow Cover Pollution,” Fundamental’nye Issledovaniya, No. 8 (2015) [in Russian].

  6. Yu. A. Izrael, V. N. Petrov, and D. A. Severov, “Reional Model of Transport and Fallout of Radionuclides from the Chernobyl Accident,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 7 (1989) [Sov. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 7 (1989)].

  7. Information and Technical Handbook on the Best Available Technologies (ITS-2019). Aluminum Production [in Russian].

  8. Method for Calculating Pollutant Dispersion in the Atmosphere in Emergency Situations (RD 52.18.717-2009) [in Russian].

  9. Methods for Calculating Pollutant Dispersion in the Environment and Population Doses (Interatomenergo, Moscow, 1992) [in Russian].

  10. Methods for Calculating Dispersion of Pollutant Emissions in Atmospheric Air (MRR-2017) [in Russian].

  11. Wind Roses,, [in Russian].

  12. SanPiN Drinking Water. Hygienic Requirements for the Water Quality in Centralized Drinking Water Supply Systems. Quality Control. Hygienic Requirements for Providing the Safety of Hot Water Supply Systems [in Russian].

  13. Reference Book on Specific Indicators of Pollutant Emissions to the Atmosphere for Some Indistries Being the Main Sources of Atmospheric Pollution (NII Atmosfera, MSTs-Vostok, St. Petersburg, 2005) [in Russian].

  14. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 204 (Dated May 7, 2018) “On National Goals and Strategic Objectives of Development of the Russian Federation for the Period till 2024” [in Russian].

  15. V. A. Borzilov and N. V. Klepikova, “Effect of Meteorological Conditions and Release Composition on Radionuclide Deposition after the Chernobyl Accident,” in Chernobyl Papers, Ed. by S. Mervin and M. Balonov, Vol. 1 (Research Enterprises, Richland, 1993).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to D. A. Manzon.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bespalov, M.S., Chernogaeva, G.M. & Manzon, D.A. Effects of Fluoride Emissions on Snow Cover Pollution in Bratsk in the Winter of 2016/2017. Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol. 47, 74–78 (2022).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • soluble fluorides
  • insoluble fluorides
  • fluoride fallout
  • snow cover
  • simulation of fluoride fallout
  • deposition rate