Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 197–202 | Cite as

Impact of Altered Land Use on the Hydrology of Urban Territories

  • K. Kang
  • J. Lee
  • J. A. Chun
  • D. Timlin


This paper describes the impact of altered land use on urban flooding in Northwest Indiana over a 10-year time span between 1992 and 2001. The studied watershed, the Great Calumet basin, is located on the south shore of Lake Michigan, which is well known as a highly industrialized area. The flood peaks and the time-to-peak values are used to analyze the flooding problems of the study area. The study uses a Hydrologic Engineering Center for Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) model to explore the change in land use represented by Curve Number (CN). The model parameters are calibrated using archived raintall data available in National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and United States Geological Survey (USGS) Instantaneous Data Archive (IDA). All four simulations show that the peak flow of simulated hydrographs in the terrain conditions of 2001 is by 22% higher than that in the terrain of 1992. The paper concludes with the results of simulation analyses that can be used to remedy flooding problems in the study area.


Urban flooding land use time-to-peak values HEC-HMS 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B. Bhaduri, M. Minner, S. Tatalovich, and J. Harbor, “Long-term Hydrologic Impact and Urbanization: A Tale of Two Models,” J. Water Res., 127 (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. B. Booth and C. R. Jackson, “Urbanization of Aquatic System: Degradation Thresholds, Stormwater Detection, and the Limits of Mitigation,” J. Amer. Water Res. Assoc., No. 5, 33 (1997).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. T. Cheng and Z. Y. Feng, “Flood Disaster Evolution in Urbanization and Modern Society (in Chinese): Prospect of Schenzhen from the Experiences of Japan,” J. Natural Disasters, No. 2, 3 (1994).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. W. Dreher and H. T. Price, Reducing the Impacts of Urban Runoff: The Advantages of Alternative Site Design Approaches (Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission, Chicago, 1997).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. F. Fratini, G. D. Geldof, J. Kluck, and P. S. Mikkelsen, “Three Points Approach (3PA) for Urban Flood Risk Management: A Tool to Support Climate Change Adaptation through Transdisciplinarity and Multifunctionality,” Urban Water J., No. 5, 9 (2012).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Halyk, I. Imhof, F. Johnson, and R. Plank, “Watershed Urbanization and Managing Stream Habitat for Fish,” Transactions of Fifth-sixth North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conferences (Wildlife Management Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, 1991).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. I. Hejazi and M. Markus, “Impacts of Urbanization and Climate Variability on Floods in Northeastern Illinois,” J. Hydrol. Eng., No. 6, 14 (2009).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. P. Konrad, Effects of Urban Development on Floods (USGS, Fact Sheet 076-03, 2003).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. A. Kuzmin, “Basic Principles of Automatic Calibration of Multi-parameter Models Used in Operational Systems of Flash Flood Forecasting,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 6 (2009) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 6, 34 (2009)].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. A. Kuzmin, “Short-term Forecasting of Disastrous High Water and Floods,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 6 (2001) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 6 (2001)].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Lammert and J. D. Allan, “Assesing Biotic Integrity of Streams: Effects of Scale in Measuring the Influence of Land Use/Cover and Habitat Structure on Fish and Macroinvertebrates,” Envir. Manag., No. 2, 23 (1999).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. May, R. R. Hooner, and J. R. Karr, “Effects of Urbanization on Small Streams in the Puger Sound Lowland Ecoregion,” Watershed Prot. Tech., No. 4, 2 (1997).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. N. Mikhailov, V. N. Morozov, N. I. Cheroy, et al., “Extreme Flood on the Danube River in 2006,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 1 (2008) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 33 (2008)].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    National Research Council. Urban Stormwater Management in the United States (The National Academies, 2009).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. F. Polonskii and T. Yu. Solodovnikova, “Estimation of Transformation of Flood Runoff Hydrographs and Water Stages in the Lower Volga and Its Delta,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 9 (2009) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 9, 34 (2009)].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. Richards, L. B. Johnson, and G. E. Host, “Landscape-scale Influences on Stream Habitats and Biota,” Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 53 (1996).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. W. Seelbach, M. J. Wiley, J. C. Kotanchik, and M. E. Baker, A Landscape-based Ecological Classification System for River Valley Segments in Lower Michigan (State of Michigan, Department of Natural Resources, Fisheries Division, Research Report Number 2036, 1997).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. G. Verdiev, “Computation and Prediction of the Flood Runoff of the Eastern Caucasus Rivers,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 9 (2009) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 9, 34 (2009)].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. Wang, J. Lyons, P. Kanehl, and R. Gatti, “Influences of Watershed Land Use on Habitat Quality and Biotoc Integrity in Wisconsin Stream,” Fishers, No. 6, 22 (1997).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Wang, J. Lyons, P. Kanehl, et al., “Watershed Urbanization and Changes in Fish Communities in Southeastern Wisconsin Streams,” J. Amer. Water Res. Assoc., No. 5, 36 (2000).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. E. Wehrly, M. J. Wiley, and P. W. Seelbach, A Thermal Habitat Classification for Lower Michigan Rivers (Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Research Report 2038, 1998).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. C. Zorn, P. W. Seelbach, and M. J. Wiley, Pattern in the Distributions of Stream Fishes in Michigan's Lower Pen in sula (Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Research Report 2035, 1998).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Storm Surge Team, Meteorology Development LaboratoryNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Silver SpringUSA
  2. 2.KBRWyle, Technology and Engineering GroupNational Weather Service, NOAASilver SpringUSA
  3. 3.Department of Construction Science and Organizational LeadershipPurdue University NorthwestHammondUSA
  4. 4.Climate Research DepartmentAPEC Climate CenterBusanRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.Crop Systems and Global Change Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service (ARS)U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)BeltsvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations