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Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 1–4 | Cite as

Methodology of Breeding Ecologically Resistant Varieties of Oats

  • G. A. Batalova
  • S. N. Shevchenko
  • E. M. Lisitsyn
  • M. V. Tulyakova
  • I. I. Rusakova
  • V. A. Zheleznikova
  • T. P. Gradoboeva
Crop Production
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

To breed ecologically resistant varieties, it is necessary to determine breeding methods and their sequence and combinations, i.e., to develop a methodology. In 2003, hybrid material of covered oats was obtained on 76 cross combinations. In 2008–2009, 345 of the best elite plants were selected, and further selection was made under different ecologic conditions: sufficient or excess humidification and drought on neutral and aluminum-acid sod-podzolic soils (Kirov region), short growing season on sod-podzolic soils (Udmurt Republic), on dark-grey heavy loam forest soils (Chuvash Republic), and drought on middle-loam chernozem (Samara region). Screening on disease resistance and improving selection under field and laboratory conditions was performed. As a result, the new, adaptive variety Berber was passed into State Varietal Test in 2016. The variety combines high productivity (7.8 t/ha) and valuable grain quality: test weight 608 g/L, huskiness 26.3%, raw protein content 13.87%, raw fat content 3.18%, and resistance to loose smut and crown rust.

Keywords

oat crossing screening resistance line variety environment 

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Batalova
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. N. Shevchenko
    • 3
  • E. M. Lisitsyn
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. V. Tulyakova
    • 4
  • I. I. Rusakova
    • 1
  • V. A. Zheleznikova
    • 3
  • T. P. Gradoboeva
    • 4
  1. 1.Rudnitskiy Zonal Research Institute for Agriculture of the NortheastKirovRussia
  2. 2.Vyatka State Agricultural AcademyKirovRussia
  3. 3.Samara Agricultural Research InstituteBezenchuk, Samara oblastRussia
  4. 4.Falenskaya Breeding StationKirov oblastRussia

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