Breeding winter rapeseed for the temperate forest zone


The requirements and key characteristics for breeding winter rapeseed for the temperate/forest zone are formulated on the basis of agritechnical and climatic conditions. Assessment of the stock material discovered the sources of the valuable agronomic traits, such as winter hardiness, seed quality, and productivity. Freezing in a climate-controlled growth room was used along with geographically diverse intravariety hybridization for subsequent selection of the most winter-hardy specimen. Use of parental forms that provide both high yields and superb seed quality resulted in a number of varieties combining winter hardiness with good harvesting features. As a result, winter rapeseed cultivars yielding a capacity of 6.0–6.5 t of seeds ha–1 and oil content of 44–48% with low glucosinolates and zero erucic acid content were created, thus opening vaster cultivation areas for the crop. Using the cultivars created by the All-Russia Williams Fodder Research Institute for further breeding facilitates a more sustainable and economically efficient oilseed production, expanding the cultivation areas of winter rapeseed in the European center of Russia, providing high-quality cooking oil and energy feed additives for animal husbandry.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Shpakov, A.S. and Bychkov, G.N., The role of fodder production in ensuring food security of the Central Federal District, Vestn. Ross. S-kh. Nauki, 2016, no. 6, pp. 4–7.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Novoselov, Yu.K., Volovik, V.T., and Rudoman, V.V., The strategy of improving the raw material base for the production of vegetable oil and high-protein forage, Kormoproizvodstvo, 2008, no. 10, pp. 2–5.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Volovik, V.T., Novoselov, Yu.K., and Prologova, T.V., Rape-sowing in the Non-Chernozem zone and its role in the production of vegetable oil and high-protein concentrated fodder, Adapt. Kormoproizvod., 2013, no. 1, pp. 14–20.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Zolotarev, V.N., Novoselov, Yu.K., Rudoman, V.V., et al., Rekomendatsii po vozdelyvaniyu i ispol’zovaniyu viki mokhnatoi (ozimoi) na korm i semena (Recommendations for the Cultivation and Use of Hairy Vetch (Winter) for Fodder and Seeds), Moscow: FGNU Rosinformagrotekh, 2007.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Degunova, N.B. and Klokova, V.V., Organization of green conveyors in the Novgorod oblast, Kormoproizvodstvo, 2013, no. 8, pp. 23–26.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Gortlevskii, A.A. and Makeev, V.A., Ozimyi raps (Winter Rapeseed), Moscow: Rossel’khozizdat, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Pokrovskii, V.B., Winter hardiness of winter rapeseed samples, Nauch.-Tekhn. Byull. VIR, 1988, vol. 185, pp. 7–10.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Dyubin, V.N. and Kudelich, V.S., Agroclimate assessment of wintering of winter rapeseed in the Leningrad oblast, Byull. VIR, 1984, vol. 138, pp. 48–50.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Zolotarev, V.N., Agroecological substantiation of the adaptive placement of seed-growing for Bromus inermis, Vestn. Ross. Akad. S-kh. Nauk, 2003, no. 1, pp. 64–66.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Sandukhadze, B.I., Rybakova, M.I., and Morozova, Z.A., Nauchnye osnovy selektsii ozimoi pshenitsy v Nechernozemnoi zone Rossii (Scientific Foundations of Selection of Winter Wheat in the Non-Chernozem Zone of Russia), Moscow, 2013.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Moiseichik, V.A., Agrometeorologicheskie usloviya i perezimovka ozimykh kul’tur (Agrometeorological Conditions and Winter Re-Wintering), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1975.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Korovin, A.I., Mamaev, E.V., and Mokievskii, V.M., Osenne-vesennie usloviya pogody i urozhai ozimykh (Autumn-Spring Conditions of Weather and Harvest of Winter Crops), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Kuperman, F.M., Diagnostics of the state of winter crops in the autumn-winter period by mapping the decisive wintering complexes, Meteorol. Gidrol., 1939, no. 3, pp. 83–91.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Strashnaya, A.I., Influence of agrometeorological conditions on the wintering of perennial legumes in the central regions of the European territory of the USSR, Meteorol. Gidrol., 1981, no. 1, pp. 97–106.

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Bochkareva, E.B., Frost resistance of winter oil-bearing crucifer cultures and methods of its determination for breeding purposes, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Agric.) Dissertation, Krasnodar, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Volovik, V.T. and Pampura, V.D., Determination of the term of sowing of winter rapeseed Severyanin on the basis of morphological parameters of development in the autumn period, Adapt. Kormoproizvod., 2013, no. 3, pp. 31–36.

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Razgulyaeva, N.V., The main diseases of winter rapeseed in the Central region of Russia, Nauchnoe Obespechenie otrasli rapsoseyaniya i puti realizatsii biologicheskogo potentsiala rapsa: Nauch. dokl. na Mezhd. koortsinats. soveshch. po rapsu (Scientific Support of the Rapeseeding Industry and Ways to Realize the Biological Potential of Rapeseed: Scientific Reports Int. Coordination Meeting on Rapeseed, July 18–20, 2000), Lipetsk, 2000, pp. 54–56.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Bochkareva, E.B., Methods for estimating winter cruciferous cultures for frost resistance, in Selektsiya i semenovodstvo maslichnykh kul’tur (Selection and Seed-Growing of Oilseeds), Krasnodar, 1980, pp. 127–134.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to V. T. Volovik.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © V.T. Volovik, T.V. Prologova, 2017, published in Rossiiskaya Sel’skokhozyaistvennaya Nauka, 2017, No. 2, pp. 16–20.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Volovik, V.T., Prologova, T.V. Breeding winter rapeseed for the temperate forest zone. Russ. Agricult. Sci. 43, 213–218 (2017).

Download citation


  • winter rapeseed
  • breeding methods
  • cultivars