On the Ion Drift in Cold Gas
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The problem of ion drift in such a strong electric field that the ion drift velocity significantly exceeds the thermal velocity of atoms is considered. In the case where the ion mass is identical to the gas particle mass, scattering is isotropic in the center-of-mass system and the ion scattering cross section is independent of the collision velocity (hard sphere model). The ion velocity distribution function is calculated by the Monte Carlo method, its characteristics and diffusion coefficient are determined. A comparison with known numerical and analytical solutions is performed. It is found that average characteristics (drift velocity, longitudinal and transverse temperatures) are in very good agreement with the values obtained from integral relations for the two-temperature Maxwellian distribution; however, the ion velocity distribution itself differs significantly from the shifted two-temperature Maxwellian distribution.
Keywordsgas discharge ion mobility Monte Carlo method ion-atom collisions drift velocity gas discharge plasma resonant charge transfer ion distribution function
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