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Exploration of Potential Indigenous Fungal Species for Mycoremediation of Industrial Effluent

Abstract

Lack of environmental friendly treatment of industrial effluent is a severe global problem. Microbial treatment may serve as potential technique to overcome the problem of environmental friendly management of industrial effluents. The present research was undertaken to find out potential indigenous fungal isolates/species from relevant industrial wastewaters and to explore their efficacy in mycoremediation of industrial effluent. Fungal species were isolated from textile, washing, dyeing, tannery and composite wastewaters, and efficient isolates were selected through screening against biobleaching of the effluent. Subsequently the selected fungal isolates were evaluated in mycoremediation of industrial effluent. Eleven fungal isolates were identified as species of Trichoderma, Penicillium, and Aspergillus. Finally, two species (M206 (Aspergillus sp.) and B102 (Penicillium sp.)) were used for mycoremediation. Significant improvement of biobleaching/bioremediation of treated effluent was noticed. After 5 days of treatment maximum 94 and 93% of turbidity, 48.45 and 38.14% of total solids (TS), 96.67 and 95.56% of total suspended solids (TSS), 36.98 and 36.12% of total dissolved solids (TDS) removal were recorded in treated effluent with prior grown fungal species of M206 and B102, respectively compared to control. Moreover, 72.93% chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was also monitored by both species. Conversely, 93% turbidity and 89% TSS removal were recorded in fresh fungal spores suspension of M206, which were closer to the values obtained at 3 days prior grown treatment. Majority of the studied parameters suggested that the fresh fungal spores suspension exhibited superior performance in mycoremediation of effluent. Definitely fresh fungal spores suspension of M206 played superior roles in mycoremediation of the treated industrial effluent. Mycoremediation by fresh fungal spores suspension might be opened as a potential technique of industrial effluents treatment.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors are grateful and extend sincere thanks to Research Management Centre (RMC) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur, Bangladesh for extending their cooperation.

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Correspondence to Abul Hossain Molla.

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Hasnat Zahan, Molla, A.H. & Haque, M.M. Exploration of Potential Indigenous Fungal Species for Mycoremediation of Industrial Effluent. J. Water Chem. Technol. 44, 123–131 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063455X22020114

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063455X22020114

Keywords:

  • biobleaching
  • chemical oxygen demand
  • decolorization
  • suspended solids
  • textile effluent