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Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 61–67 | Cite as

The influence of interphase characteristics on the attraction of particles in aqueous and gaseous media

  • N. A. Mishchuk
Theoretical Principles of Water Purification and Treatment Technology

Abstract

The dependence of the attraction energy of particles on the formation of thin layers on their surface with characteristics different from those of dispersion medium has been investigated. It is shown that at local reduction of the water density or formation of gaseous interlayer on the surface of hydrophobic particles, their attraction at small distances substantially increases. In contrast, the formation of a thin layer of water on the surface of hydrophilic particles in the air leads to weakening of their attraction. The most pronounced effect is obtained for the energy of interaction of hydrophobic disperse particle and bubble: the interaction value and sign changes depending on the specific ratio of parameters.

Keywords

hydrophobicity hydrophilicity dispersion forces Hamaker constant van der Waals energy 

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dumanskii Institute of Colloid and Water ChemistryNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine

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