Skip to main content

Controlling the Aggregation of Amphiphilic Spiropyrans in Langmuir Monolayers


Results of investigation of photochromic properties of monolayer of individual 1',3'-Dihydro-1'-hexadecyl-3',3'-dimethyl-6-nitrospiro[2H-1-benzopyran-2,2'-(2H)indole] and its mixtures with cetil alcohol are presented. Transitions between monolayer phase states have been revealed. The formation of J-aggregates of this compound at different spiropyran/cetil alcohol ratio and upon surface pressure alteration has been studied. It has been demonstrated that spiropyran possess photochromic properties in Langmuir monolayers. Obtained results open up wide prospects for the application of spirocompounds for molecular electronics.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.


  1. 1

    Uznanski, P., Synth. Met., 2000, vol. 109, no. 1, p. 281.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Berkovic, G., Krongauz, V., and Weiss, V., Chem. Rev., 2000, vol. 100, no. 5, p. 1741.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Guo, X., Zhang, D., Zhang, G., and Zhu, D., J. Phys. Chem. B, 2004, vol. 108, no. 32, p. 11942.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Ghailane, F., Opt. Eng., 1995, vol. 34, no. 2, p. 480.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Zhu, M.-Q., Zhu, L., Han, J.J., et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, vol. 128, no. 13, p. 4303.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Avella-Oliver, M., Morais, S., Puchades, R., and Maquieira, Á., TrAC, Trends Anal. Chem., 2016, vol. 79, p. 37.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Minkin, V.I., Russ. Chem. Rev., 2013, vol. 82, no. 1, p. 1.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Koryako, N.E., Ivakhnenko, D.A., Ivakhnenko, A.A., et al., Prot. Met. Phys. Chem. Surf., 2019, vol. 55, no. 6, p. 1118.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Metelitsa, A.V., Coudret, C., Micheau, J.C., and Voloshin, N.A., RSC Adv., 2014, vol. 4, no. 40, p. 20974.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Ivakhnenko, D.A., Shokurov, A.V., and Lyubimova, G.V., Russ. Chem. Bull., 2018, vol. 67, no. 12, p. 2266.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Gruda, I. and Leblanc, R.M., Can. J. Chem., 1976, vol. 54, p. 576.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Wang, P.X., Bai, F.Q., Zhang, Z.X., et al., Org. Electron., 2017, vol. 45, p. 33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Ando, E., Miyazaki, J., Morimoto, K., et al., Thin Sol. Films, 1985, vol. 133, no. 14, p. 21.

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 18-29-18039-mk; and as part of State Task no. 0082-2019-0003.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to O. A. Raitman.

Additional information

Translated by V. Selikhanovich

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Raitman, O.A., Raitman, E.V., Zaichenko, N.L. et al. Controlling the Aggregation of Amphiphilic Spiropyrans in Langmuir Monolayers. Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Phys. 85, 868–872 (2021).

Download citation