Effect of hydrogenation on the spectra of electronic and vibrational transitions in single-walled carbon nanotubes
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Single-walled carbon nanotubes containing 5.4 wt% H are prepared under a hydrogen pressure of 50 kbar at the temperature T = 500°C. Analysis of the optical transmission spectra has revealed that the hydrogenation of single-walled carbon nanotubes brings about suppression of high-frequency conduction provided by free charge carriers in the nanotubes, the disappearance of interband electronic transitions, and the appearance of an absorption line at 2845 cm−1 corresponding to stretching vibrations of the C-H bonds. The removal of hydrogen from hydrogenated single-walled carbon nanotubes owing to vacuum annealing at a temperature of 500°C is accompanied by a linear decrease in the intensity of this line as the hydrogen content in the system decreases. This phenomenon indicates that the greater part of the hydrogen atoms in single-walled carbon nanotubes are covalently bonded to the carbon atoms.
KeywordsCarbon Nanotubes Absorption Line Hydrogen Content Optical Density Spectrum Walled Carbon Nanotubes
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