Radioelectronics and Communications Systems

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 64–71 | Cite as

Multilayer Substrate Integrated Waveguide Six-Port Circuit

  • T. H. C. Bouazza
  • Keltouma Nouri
  • J. Tao
  • Boubakar S. Bouazza
  • Tan-Hoa Vuong


In this paper a new design of a six-port circuit based on multilayer substrate integrated waveguides (SIW) is presented. This design is based on the use of a multilayer structure aimed at reducing the dimension of the circuit while conserving the performances of the component. The designed SIW six-port is composed of two basic elements, a SIW power divider and directional coupler. These two elements are designed, optimized and matched to produce a better performance at the required operating frequency of 11 GHz. The results of simulations show that the new multilayer SIW six-port circuit has good performances including a good return loss and isolation under–20 dB and the transmission magnitude better than–10 dB. This multilayer SIW six-port has the advantage of a small size 160-34.8 mm; its width is about 50% smaller than the planar SIW six-port circuit, which helps to get a higher density of integration in telecommunication systems and allows much smaller devices to be conceived.A microstrip toSIWtransition is used in order to facilitate the integration of this component into other planar circuits. The structures are designed, simulated and optimized using the Ansoft HFSS simulation software.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. V. Kobrin, M. B. Manuilov, G. P. Sinyavsky, “Field-theory analysis and design of multiport branch-guide couplers for contoured beam antennas,” Proc. of Int. Conf. on Antenna Theory and Tech., ICATT, 9-12 Sept. 2003, Sevastopol, Ukraine (IEEE, 2003), pp. 769–771, 2003. DOI: 10.1109/ICATT.2003.1238861.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. V. Kantartzis, M. Gatzianas, T. I. Kosmanis, T. D. Tsiboukis, “Analysis of multiport waveguide structures by a higher-order FDTD methodology based on non-orthogonal curvilinear grids,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 20-24 May 2001, Phoenix, AZ, USA (IEEE, 2001), pp. 2051-2054. DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.2001.967315.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Wessel, T. Sieverding, F. Arndt, “Mode-matching analysis of general waveguide multiport junctions,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 13-19 Jun. 1999, Anaheim, CA, USA (IEEE, 1999), pp. 1273-1276. DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.1999.779619.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. E. Bialkowski, “Analysis of an N-port consisting of a radial cavity and E-plane coupled rectangular waveguides,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 40, No. 9, 1840 (Sep. 1992). DOI: 10.1109/22.156613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. P. Yeo, L. Qiao, M. Cheng, “Symmetrical N-port waveguide junction loaded with dielectric sleeve and metallic post,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, No. 6, 1298 (Jun. 1995). DOI: 10.1109/22.390186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. F. Engen, “The six-port reflectometer: An alternative network analyzer,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 25, No. 12, 1075 (Dec. 1977). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.1977.1129277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Urbanec, “Special methods for microwave vector measurements,” Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Radio Electronics, Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic (2007).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. Deslandes, K. Wu, “Integrated microstrip and rectangular waveguide in planar form,” IEEE Microwave Wireless Components Lett. 11, No. 2, 68 (Feb. 2001). DOI: 10.1109/7260.914305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Uchimura, T. Takenoshita, M. Fujii, “Development of a ‘laminated waveguide’,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 46, No. 12, 2438 (Dec. 1998). DOI: 10.1109/22.739232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Hirokawa, M. Ando, “Single-layer feed waveguide consisting of posts for plane TEM wave excitation in parallel plates,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, No. 5, 625 (May 1998). DOI: 10.1109/8.668903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. Grigoropoulos, B. Sanz-Izquierdo, P. R. Young, “Substrate integrated folded waveguides (SIFW) and filters,” IEEE Microwave Wireless Compon. Lett. 15, No. 12, 829 (Dec. 2005). DOI: 10.1109/LMWC.2005.860027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Chen, W. Hong, X. Chen, P. Yan, Q. Lai, K. Wu, “An LTCC X-band receiver front-end using embedded multilayer substrate integrated waveguide filter,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 50, No. 2, 285 (2008). DOI: 10.1002/mop.23057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.-S. Eom, J. Byun, H.-Y. Lee, “Multilayer substrate integrated waveguide four-way out-of-phase power divider,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 57, No. 12, 3469 (Dec. 2009). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2009.2034311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    W. Hong, B. Liu, Y.-Q. Wang, Q.-H. Lai, Hongjun Tang, Xiao Xin Yin, Yuan Dan Dong, Yan Zhang, K. Wu, “Half mode substrate integrated waveguide: a new guided wave structure for microwave and millimeter wave application,” Proc. of Joint 31st Int. Conf. on Infrared Millimeter Waves and 14th Int. Conf. on Terahertz Electronics, 18-22 Sept. 2006, Shanghai, China (IEEE, 2006), p. 219. DOI: 10.1109/ICIMW.2006.368427.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. A. M. Ali, N. J. G. Fonseca, F. Coccetti, H. Aubert, “Design and implementation of two-layer compact wideband Butler matrices in SIW technology for Ku-band applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 59, No. 2, 503 (Feb. 2010). DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2010.2093499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.-H. Lee, S. Pinel, J. Papapolymerou, J. Laskar, M. M. Tentzeris, “Low-loss LTCC cavity filters using system-on-package technology at 60GHz,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, No. 12, 3817 (Dec. 2005). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2005.859864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. A. Hoer, “The six-port coupler: A new approach to measuring voltage, current, power, impedance, and phase,” IEEE Trans. Instrum., Meas. 21, No. 4, 466 (1972). DOI: 10.1109/TIM.1972.4314068.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Emilia Moldovan, Serioja-Ovidiu Tatu, Tamara Gaman, Ke Wu, R. G. Bosisio, “A new 94-GHz six-port collision-avoidance radar sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 52, No. 3, 751 (Mar. 2004). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2004.823533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Serioja Ovidiu Tatu, Emilia Moldovan, Ke Wu, Renato G. Bosisio, “A new direct millimeter-wave six-port receiver,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, No. 12, 2517 (Dec. 2001). DOI: 10.1109/22.971644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    X. Y. Xu, “Software defined radio receiver platform based on six-port technology,” Doctoral Disser. Ecole Polytechnique Montreal, Canada (2006). ISBN: 978-0-494-20839-7.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    X. Xu, R. G. Bosisio, K. Wu, “A new six-port junction based on substrate integrated waveguide technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, No. 3, 2267 (Jul. 2005). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2005.850455.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Liu, W. Hong, Y.-Q. Wang, Q.-H. Lai, K. Wu, “Half mode substrate integrated waveguide (HMSIW) 3-dB coupler,” IEEE Microwave Wireless Components Lett. 17, No. 1, 22 (Jan. 2007). DOI: 10.1109/LMWC.2006.887244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Li-nan, Z. Xu-chun, T. Chuang-ming, Z. Ming, “A new substrate integrated waveguide six-port circuit,” Proc. of Int. Conf. on Microwave and Millimeter Wave Technology, ICMMT, 8-11 May 2010, Chengdu, China (IEEE, 2010), pp. 59–61. DOI: 10.1109/ICMMT.2010.5525288.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    “Microwave Encyclopedia”,, Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Germain, D. Deslandes, K. Wu, “Development of substrate integrated waveguide power dividers,” Proc. of Canadian Conf. on Electrical and Computer Engineering, 4-7 May 2003, Montreal, QC, Canada (IEEE, 2003), vol. 3, pp. 1921–1924. DOI: 10.1109/CCECE.2003.1226289.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Levy, “Improved single and multiaperture waveguide coupling theory, including explanation of mutual interactions,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 28, No. 4, 331 (Apr. 1980). DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.1980.1130073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Cassivi, D. Deslandes, K. Wu, “Substrate integrated waveguide directional couplers,” Proc. of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., Kyoto, Japan, 19–22 Nov. 2002 (2002).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. H. C. Bouazza, K. Nouri, B. S. Bouazza, M. Damou, K. Becharef, “Multilayer substrate integrated waveguide directional coupler,” Int. J. Microwave Optical Technol. 11, No. 4, 245 (July 2016). URI: Scholar
  29. 29.
    O. Kramer, T. Djerafi, K. Wu, “Dual-layered substrate-integrated waveguide six-port with wideband double-stub phase shifter,” IET Microwaves Antennas Propag. 6, No. 15, 1704 (2012). DOI: 10.1049/iet-map.2012.0272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Doghri, T. Djerafi, A. Ghiotto, K. Wu, “Broadband substrate-integrated-waveguide six-port applied to the development of polarimetric imaging radiometer,” Proc. of 41st European Microwave Conf., EuMC, 10-13 Oct. 2011, Manchester, UK (IEEE, 2011). DOI: 10.23919/EuMC.2011.6101963.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Ding, K. Wu, “Half-mode substrate integrated waveguide six-port front-end circuits for direct-conversion transceiver design,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 15-20 June 2008, Atlanta, GA, USA (IEEE, 2008). DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.2008.4633267.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    J. Chen, W. Hong, P. Yan, B. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wu, “Design of a six-port junction using half-mode substrate integrated waveguide,” Proc. of Asia-Pacific Microwave Conf., 11-14 Dec. 2007, Bangkok, Thailand (IEEE, 2007). DOI: 10.1109/APMC.2007.4554870.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. E. Abdulhadi, A. Suntives, R. Abhari, “Design of a SIW-based data communication system using a SIW six-port receiver,” Proc. of IEEE 18th Conf. on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, 19-21 Oct. 2009, Portland, OR, USA (IEEE, 2009). DOI: 10.1109/EPEPS.2009.5338454.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. C. Bouazza
    • 1
  • Keltouma Nouri
    • 1
  • J. Tao
    • 2
  • Boubakar S. Bouazza
    • 1
  • Tan-Hoa Vuong
    • 2
  1. 1.Tahar Moulay UniversitySaidaAlgeria
  2. 2.ENSEEIHTToulouseFrance

Personalised recommendations