Moscow University Soil Science Bulletin

, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 180–186 | Cite as

Priority organic pollutants in soil of arboretum of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University: Report 3. Specific features of vertical distribution pattern of organochlorine pesticide in profile of urbanozem

  • G. I. Agapkina
  • E. S. Brodskiy
  • A. A. Shelepchikov
  • D. B. Feshin
Ecology

Abstract

The vertical distribution pattern of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites (hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers and hexachlorobenzene (HCB)) in the urbanozem of the arboretum of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University at Vorob’evy Gory is studied. The highest contents of DDT, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), and HCH isomers in the soil profile are found in the Au humus horizon and/or in the top part of the U technogenic 10–20-cm-thick layer. The greatest HCB content is typical of the U technogenic 20–30-cm-thick layer. The total content of DDT and its metabolites (156.2 mg/kg) in the surface layer is within the range typical of soils of old parks and recreational zones. The residual DDT content in the soil profile is 0.336–1.47 of the maximum permissible content. The ratio between metabolites and isomers of DDT points to its slight transformation (5.67–37.6%) and application as an industrial chemical. The contents of HCB (2.479–5.868 μg/kg) and the total content of HCH isomers (α + β + γ) in the profile of the urbanozem are 1–2 orders of magnitude lower than the maximum permissible contents or approximate permissible contents (0.3824–0.9863 μu/kg) and correspond to their background levels. The ratio between the HCH isomers shows that the transformation rate of the pesticide is rather high and that in the preceding period it was mainly used in the form of lindane.

Keywords

urboecosystem botanical garden urbanozem soil profile soil contamination organochlorine pesticides 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Agapkina, G.I., Efimenko, E.S., Brodskiy, E.S., Shelepchikov, A.A., and Feshin, D.B., Predominant organic contaminants in arboretum soil of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University. Report 1. Peculiarities of vertical distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in urbanozem profile, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 17: Pochvoved., 2012, no. 4, pp. 42–49.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Galiulin, R.V. and Galiulina, R.A., Why pesticides in river water? Vestn. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2008, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 1065–1067.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Galiulin, R.V. and Galiulina, R.A., Ecological and geochemical analysis of “imprints” of stable organochlorine pesticides in the soil-surface water system, Agrokhimiya, 2008, no. 1, pp. 52–56.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    GN (Hygienic Normatives) 1.2.2701-10: Hygienic normatives of the content of pesticides in environmental objects: a list.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The state report “On status and protection of environment in Russian Federation in 2012,” Ministry of Natural Conditions and Ecology of Russian Federation. http://www.ecogosdoklad.ru/default.aspxGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ivasenko, V.L., Adam, A.M., Tsekhanovskaya, N.A., et al., Analysis of the behavior of DDT pesticide in underground storages, Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 2002, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 59–61.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Isidorov, V.A., Vvedenie v khimicheskuyu ekotoksikologiyu (Introduction to Chemical Ecotoxicology), St. Petersburg: Khimizdat, 1999.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuznetsov, A.E. and Gradova, N.B., Nauchnye osnovy ekobiotekhnologii (Scientific Principles of Ecological Biotechnology), Moscow: Mir, 2006.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kulikova-Khlebnikova, E.N., Robertus, Yu.V., and Kivatskaya, A.V., Specific metabolism of organochlorine pesticides in environmental objects of Altai Mountains, Vestn. Altai. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2011, no. 10(84), pp. 50–53.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lunev, M.I., Monitoring of pesticides in environment and products: ecological, toxicological, and analytical aspects, Ross. Khim. Zh., 2005, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 64–70.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maistrenko, V.N. and Klyuev, N.A., Ekologo-analiticheskii monitoring stoikikh organicheskikh zagryaznitelei (Ecological Analytical Monitoring of Stable Organic Pollutants), Moscow: BINOM. Lanoratoriya Znanii, 2004.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    MVI/LAE-04/05. Metodika vypolneniya izmerenii soderzhanii polikhlorirovannykh bifenilov i khlorsoderzhashchikh pestitsidov v pochvakh, donnykh otlozheniyakh, shlamakh, tverdykh otkhodakh, biologicheskikh i rastitel’nykh materialakh, prirodnykh i stochnykh vodakh metodom khromato-mass-spektrometrii (MVI/LAE-04/05: The Method of Measurements of the Content of Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Organochlorine Pesticides in Soils, Bottom Sediments, Slages, Solid Wastes, Biological and Plant Materials, Natural and Waste Waters by Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry), 2006.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Obzor fonovogo sostoyaniya okruzhayushchei sredy na territorii stran SNG za 2011 g. (Review of Background State of Environment in CIS Countries in 2011), Izrael’, Yu.A., Ed., Moscow: Rosgidromet, 2011.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    United Nations Environment Program 2002, Chemicals and Waste Subprogram, Regional Assessment of Stable Toxic Substances, Brussels: UNEP Gov. Counc., 2002.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Treger, Yu.A., Stable organic pollutants: problems and solutions, Vestn. Mosk. Gos. univ. Tonkikh Khim. Tekhnol., 2011, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 87–97.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fedorov, L.A. and Yablokov, A.V., Pestitsidy–toksicheskii udar po biosfere i cheloveku (Pesticides are the Toxic Impact on Biosphere and a Man), Moscow: Nauka, 1999.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shelepchikov, A.A., Brodskiy, E.S., Feshin, D.B., and Zhilnikov, V.G., High-definition chromatographymass spectrometry qualification of polychlorinated biphenyls and pesticides in environmental media and biomaterials, Mass-Spektrom., 2008, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 245–258.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Aigner, E.J., Leone, A.D., and Falconer, R.L., Concentrations and enantiomeric ratios of organochlorine pesticides in soils from the U.S. Corn Belt, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1998, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1162–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bailey, P., Waite, D., Quinnett-Abbott, L., et al., Residues of DDT and other selected organochlorine pesticides in soils from Saskatchewan, Canada, Can. J. Soil Sci., 2005, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 265–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Barber, J.L., Sweetman, A.J., Wijk van, D., et al., Hexachlorobenzene in the global environment: emissions, levels, distribution, trends, and processes, Sci. Total. Environ., 2005, vol. 349, nos. 1–3, pp. 1–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment of Netherlands, Circular on target values and intervention values for soil remediation: DBO/ 1999226863, Neth. Gov. Gaz., 2000, no. 39, Feb. 4.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Falandysz, J., Brudnowska, B., Kawano, M., et al., Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in soils from the southern part of Poland, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 2001, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 173–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fry, D.M. and Toone, C.K., DDT-induced feminization of gull embryos, Science, 1981, vol. 213, no. 4510, pp. 919–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gong, Z.M., Tao, S., Xu, F.L., et al., Level and distribution of DDT in surface soils from Tianjin, China, Chemosphere, 2004, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1247–1253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Li, X., Wang, W., Wang, J., et al., Contamination of soils with organochlorine pesticides in urban parks in Beijing, China, Chemosphere, 2008, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 1660–1668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meijer, S.N., Ockenden, W.A., Sweetman, A., et al., Global distribution and budget of PCBs and HCB in background surface soils: implications for sources and environmental processes, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2003, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 667–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Miglioranza, K.S.B., Aizpun de Moreno, J.E., and Moreno, V.J., Dynamics of organochlorine pesticides in soils from a southeastern region of Argentina, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2003, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 712–717.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wang, G., Lu, Y., Li, J., et al., Regional differences and sources of organochlorine pesticides in soils surrounding chemical industrial parks, Environ. Monit. Assess., 2009, vol. 152, nos. 1–4, pp. 259–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Yang, X., Wang, S., Bian, Y., et al., Dicofol application resulted in high DDTs residue in cotton fields from northern Jiangsu province, China, J. Hazard Mater., 2008, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 92–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yang, L., Xia, X., and Hu, L., Distribution and health risk assessment of HCHs in urban soils of Beijing, China, Environ. Monit. Assess., 2012, vol. 184, no. 4, pp. 2377–2387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang, J., Qi, S., Xing, X., et al., Concentrations and classification of HCHs and DDTs in soil from the lower reaches of the Jiulong River, China, Front. Environ. Sci. Engin., 2012, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 177–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. I. Agapkina
    • 1
  • E. S. Brodskiy
    • 2
  • A. A. Shelepchikov
    • 2
  • D. B. Feshin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Severtsov Institute of Problems of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations