Moscow University Soil Science Bulletin

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 85–90 | Cite as

The profile of congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Moscow

  • E. S. Brodskii
  • A. A. Shelepchikov
  • D. B. Feshin
  • E. S. Efimenko
  • G. I. Agapkina
Chemistry of Soils

Abstract

The profiles of 19 indicative and dioxin-like congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the surface soils of distinct types of land use in Moscow are investigated. The penta- and hexachlorobiphenyls (46.7 and 31.6%, respectively) contribute significantly to the PCB spectrum. They used to make up the bulk of coolants and insulating fluids for electrical equipment, especially transformers. Among the congeners, the indicative PCB-101, -110, -138, and -153 and dioxin-like congeners PCB-105 and -118 dominate. They possess extremely high persistence and capability of bioaccumulation and exert harmful toxic influence, which should be taken into account when estimating an urban ecosystem’s ecotoxicological state.

Keywords

urban ecosystems soil contamination polychlorinated biphenyls profile of 19 indicative and dioxin-like congeners 

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Brodskii
    • 1
  • A. A. Shelepchikov
    • 1
  • D. B. Feshin
    • 1
  • E. S. Efimenko
    • 2
  • G. I. Agapkina
    • 3
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Physical Technical InstituteMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Soil ScienceMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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