Moscow University Geology Bulletin

, Volume 73, Issue 3, pp 273–279 | Cite as

Sand Massifs as Objects of Ecological–Geological Research

  • V. T. TrofimovEmail author
  • V. A. Korolev


In the ecological and geological respect the sand soil stratum is considered as a component of ecological–geological systems or biogeocenoses. The characteristic ecological–geological features of sand massifs are studied. Types of sand ecological–geological systems are distinguished and their structure is described.


sand sand massif ecological–geological system psammophiles psammophytes sand lithotope sandy ecotope sandy biocoenosis 


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© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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