The article deals with an arbitrary elastic 3D-system (body) that performs a controlled finite rotation with respect to some fixed axis and small nonstationary oscillations. The system oscillations occur due to external load (power control) or inertial load of the rotational transportation of the carrying body (kinematic control). The linear equations of oscillations are used in normal coordinates, in which motion is represented by eigenmodes of vibrations for system that is free in the rotation angle (including system rotation as a solid body in the case of power control) and for system fixed in rotation angle in the case of kinematic control. It is assumed that the (power or inertial)load acting on the system is proportional to some controlling finite time function from a certain class. The purpose of this article is to solve the problem of system rotation for a certain time from one rest position to another at a given finite angle using the given control function and to eliminate the elastic oscillations on the several lowest eigenmodes at the stopping time.
The relations between the time of the system rotation under the action of a given control function and the eigenmodes frequencies for oscillations being eliminated are obtained on the basis of the exact solutions of the equations in normal coordinates. These relations satisfy the zero initial and final conditions. They are “tuned” by minimizing the positive definite quadratic form written for them by varying the system parameters to fulfill these relations simultaneously for several eigenfrequencies. As an example, the calculations for a model of a symmetrical spacecraft with two identical elastic solar cell panels consisting of four planar non-deformable sections connected by elastic hinges are carried out for comparison and analysis of the results accuracy. The finite rolling motion of the system with the damping at the stopping time of rotation for several (from one to three) lowest eigenmodes of antisymmetric vibrations is considered. The comparisons of the initial equations of motion for the system in generalized coordinates using several simple control functions and the found parameters of the “tuned” system with numerical solutions are accomplished.
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The work was carried out within the framework of the state task (state registration number AAAA-A17-117032010144-8) and with partial financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project No. 18-08-00778a).
Original Russian Text © T.V. Grishanina, S.V. Ruskikh, F.N. Shklyarchuk, 2018, published in Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Mekhanika Tverdogo Tela, 2018, No. 4, pp. 16–28.
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Grishanina, T.V., Ruskikh, S.V. & Shklyarchuk, F.N. Elimination of Nonstationary Oscillations of an Elastic System at the Stopping Time after Finite Rotation by the Given Law via the Tuning of Eigenfrequencies. Mech. Solids 53, 370–380 (2018). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0025654418040027
- control of oscillations
- finite rotation of the system
- nonstationary oscillations
- damping of elastic vibrations
- spacecraft turning