Advertisement

The Phonetic Alphabet of the Chechen Language as a Basis of a Speech-Synthesis System

  • E. S. Izrailova
Text Processing Automation

Abstract

This paper describes the principles for developing the AZBAT phonetic alphabet, which was created by analogy with the DARPAbet phonetic alphabet of the English language and is oriented to creating the speech corpus and system for synthesis of Chechen speech. The experience of developers of other phonetic alphabets and databases was used; account was also taken of the features of pronunciation and graphics, rules of compatibility, and variability of phonemes, which had been described in the works of well-known Chechen philologists. The classification of vowels and consonant phonemes is given, according to which each phoneme has the attributes that are necessary to implement the program code. The designed system for synthesis of Chechen speech is assigned a basic set of acoustic phonetic elements that consists of diphones and allophones. This set will be complied with to build an acoustic phonetic database that is the basis of a system for automatic synthesis of Chechen speech.

Keywords

automatic speech synthesis phonetic alphabet speech corpus system for synthesis of Chechen speech 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Krivnova, O.F., Areas of application of speech corpora and experience of their development, in XVIII Sessiya Rossiiskogo akusticheskogo obshchestva. Sbornik trudov (XVIII Session of the Russian Acoustical Society. Collection of Works), Moscow: Izd. GEOS, 2006, vol. 3, pp. 81–84.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hunt, A.J. and Black, A.W., Unit selection in a concatenative speech synthesis system using a large speech database, ICASSP-96, Washington, DC, 1996, vol. 1, pp. 373–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bogdanov, D.S., Krivnova, O.F., Podrabinovich, A.Ya., and Farsobina, V.V., Base of speech fragments of the Russian language ISABASE, in Intellektual’nye tekhnologii vvoda i obrabotki informatsii (Intelligent Technologies of Information Input and Processing), Moscow: Editorial URSS, 1998, pp. 74–85.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    DARPA TIMIT acoustic phonetic continuous speech corpus. https://catalog.ldc.upenn.edu/ldc93s1. Accessed April 17, 2017.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krivnova, O.F., Russian speech corpora RuSpeech, Fonetika segodnya. Materialy dokladov i soobshchenii VII mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii (Phonetics Today. Materials of Reports and Communications of the VII International Conference), Moscow: Institut russkogo yazyka im. V.V. Vinogradova RAN, 2013, pp. 54–56.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fisher, W.M., Doddington, G.R., and Goudie-Marshall, K.M., The DARPA speech recognition research database: Specifications and status, Proceedings of DARPA Workshop on Speech Recognition, 1986, pp. 93–99.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bondarko, L.B., Kuznetsov, V.I., and Skrelin, P.A., The sound system of the Russian language in the light of the problems of compilative synthesis, Byull. Fonetich. Fonda Russ. Yazyka, 1997, no. 6, pp. 60–84.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khalidov, A.I., Timaev, A.D., and Ovkhadov, M.R., Grammatika chechenskogo yazyka (Grammar of the Chechen Language), vol. 1: Vvedenie v grammatiku. Fonetika. Morfemika. Slovoobrazovanie (Introduction to Grammar. Phonetics. Morphemics. Word Formation), Groznyi: FGUP IPK Groznenskii rabochii, 2013.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Timaev, A.D., Sovremennyi chechenskii yazyk: Leksikologiya. Fonetika. Morfologiya (Modern Chechen Language: Lexicology. Phonetics. Morphology), Groznyi: Groznenskii rabochii, 2011, 2nd ed.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Desheriev, Yu.D., Sovremennyi Chechenskii literaturnyi yazyk. Chast’ 1. Fonetika (Modern Chechen Literary Language. Part 1. Phonetics), Groznyi: Checheno-Ingush. kn. izd., 1960.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tsirul'nik, L.I., Automated system for cloning the phonetic-acoustic characteristics of speech, Informatika (Minsk), 2006, no. 1, pp. 37–46.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ibragimov, T.I. and Khusainov, R.R., To the formation of the acoustic base of the Tatar speech synthesizer, in Doklady mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii Dialog (Proc. Int. Conf. Dialog), Moscow: Nauka, 2004, pp. 237–239.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Valbret, H., Moulines, E., and Tubach, J.P., Voice transformation using PSOLA techniques, Speech Commun., 1992, vol. 11, pp. 175–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fitt, S. and Stephen, I., Synthesis of regional English using a keyword lexicon, Speech Communication and Technology: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference EUROSPEECH’99, Budapest, Hungary, September 5–9, 1999, Budapest, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 823–826.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Isard, S. and Miller, D., Diphone synthesis techniques, Speech Input/Output: Technics and Applications: Proceedings of IEE International Conference, London, UK, May 2–8, 1986, London, 1986, pp. 77–82.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lenzo, K.A. and Black, A., Diphone collection and synthesis, Spoken Language Processing: Proceedings of 6th International Conference ICSLP’2000, Bejing, October 16–20, 2000, Beijing, 2000, vol. 3, pp. 306–309.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied SemioticsAcademy of Sciences of the Chechen RepublicGroznyRussia
  2. 2.Grozny State Technical Oil UniversityGroznyRussia

Personalised recommendations