The need for application of a device for online remote monitoring of electrical parameters and the operability of photovoltaic converters of solar power plants is justified in the context of the problems encountered in the Sevastopol Solar Power Plant (S. Energy Sevastopol LLC) operation. A structural diagram of the device showing the connection and purpose of its main functional components is presented. The circuit is based on an ATmega 328p microcontroller, which transfers processed data from the sensors to the server by sending a GET request using a W5100 Wiznet Ethernet controller. Such a solution allows for a high data transfer rate—up to 25 Mbps—and provides a simple connection to the Internet independently from operating systems and external computers. The characteristics and performance analysis of galvanically isolated sensors used in the device are presented, such as a current sensor based on an Allegro ACS712 integrated current sensor, and a voltage sensor based on the transistor optocoupler. The results of the device operation illustrating the photovoltaic plant daily operation on a sunny fall day are provided. The device provides for continuous monitoring of the operation of the photovoltaic converters with long-term storage of measured values in graphical and numerical form, which makes it possible for operational and dispatching personnel to visually analyze the plant operation, monitor its performance, compare key performance indicators of various sections, and obtain production reports by periods with plotting of curves, as well as receive alarm signals.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Crimea Has a High Potential for Developing Alternative Energy Sources, Ministry of Fuel and Energy of the Republic of Crimea http://mtop.rk.gov.ru/rus/index.htm/news/300719.htm. Accessed March 17, 2017.
Kuvshinov, V.V., Parahnich, A.S., and Yuferev, L.Yu., The use of solar installations to ensure the energy security of the Crimean region and the city of Sevastopol, Innov. Sel’sk. Khoz-ve, 2018, no. 1 (26), pp. 206–211.
Badescu, V., Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth’s Surface, Berlin: Springer, 2014.
Kuvshinov, V.V., Some results of the study of solar installations to provide autonomous consumers in remote areas, Energet. Ustanovki Tekhnol., 2018, no. 3, pp. 45–50.
Dereli, Z., Yücedağ, C., and Pearce, J.M., Simple and low-cost method of planning for tree growth and lifetime effects on solar photovoltaic systems performance, Solar Energy, 2013, no. 95, pp. 300–307.
Rauschenbach, H.S., Solar Cell Array Design Handbook: The Principles and Technology of Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, New York: Springer, 2008.
IRENA – International Renewable Energy Agency, 2017. http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/dashboard/.
Renewable Energy. PowerWeb, a Forecast International Inc. 2018. http://www.fi-powerweb.com/Renewable-Energy.html.
Statistical Review of World Energy 2013. http://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp-country/es_es/ statistical_review_of_ world_energy_2013.pdf
Kuvshinov, V.V., Morozova, N.V., and Kuznetsov, P.N., Ustanovki dlya solnechnoy energetiki (Installations for Solar Energy), Moscow: Sputnik+, 2017, p. 177.
Int. Renewable Energy Agency, Renewable Energy Technologies: Cost Analysis Series, United Arab Emirates, 2012, vol. 1, no. 4/5.
Kuznetsov, P.N., Improving the efficiency of the PV plant, Energobezopasn. Energosberezh., 2016, no. 3, pp. 26–30.
Immanuel, R.R., Sankaranarayanan, P., and Sundari, G., GPS and ethernet based real time train tracking system, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Electronic Systems, 2013, pp. 283–287.
Ahmed Mohmmed, H., Anssari, M.O.H., and Abd Ali, L.M., Electricity generation by using a hybrid system (photovoltaic and fuel cell), J. Eng. Appl. Sci., 2019, no. 14, pp. 4414–4418. https://doi.org/10.3923/jeasci.2019.4414.4418
Kuznetsov, P. and Yuferev, L., Feature of operation PV installations with parallel and mixed commutation photocells, Intell. Comput. Optimiz., 2019, vol. 866, pp. 231–238. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00979-3_23
Yuferev, L.Yu. and Kuznetsov, P.N., Increasing the energy efficiency of photovoltaic systems operating under conditions of uneven illumination, in Renewable Energy and Power Supply Challenges for Rural Regions, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2019, pp. 88–114. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-9179-5.ch004
Kuvshinov, V.V., Changes in the power characteristics of PV plants for various climatic factors, Energet. Ustanovki Tekhnol., 2017, no. 2, pp. 61–66.
Agrawal, P. and Chitranshi, G., Internet of things for monitoring the environmental parameters, in Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Information Technology (InCITe) - The Next Generation IT Summit on the Theme - Internet of Things: Connect your Worlds, Noida,2016, pp. 48–52. https://doi.org/10.1109/INCITE.2016.7857588
Atmel Corp., ATmega328. http://www.atmel.com/devices/ATMEGA328.aspx. Accessed March 17, 2017.
Amelin, S.A., Hall effect current sensor model, Mat. Morfol., 2013, vol. 12, no. 4. https://u.to/2zLgFQ. Accessed Jul. 17, 2019.
Oshlakov, V.S., Acs712 current sensor calibration method and results, Polzunov. Almanakh, 2016, no. 2, pp. 187–189.
Biansoongnern, S., Plungkang, B., and Susuk, S., Development of low cost vibration sensor network for early warning system of landslides, Energy Proc., 2016, no. 89, pp. 417–420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.05.055
Simić, M., Design and development of air temperature and relative humidity monitoring system with AVR processor based web server, in Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Exposition on Electrical and Power Engineering EPE, Iasi, 2014, pp. 038–041. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEPE.2014.6969864
Kuznetsov, P.N., Improving the efficiency of PV converters with a serial connection, Vestn. VIESH, 2017, no. 1 (26), pp. 90–97.
Zagolilo, S.A., Prospects for the use of solar energy in the decentralized energy areas of the far north, Mezhdun. Zh. Prikl. Fundam. Issled., 2015, no. 11, part 3, pp. 333–336.
This work was financially supported by an internal grant of Sevastopol State University project number 522/06-31.
Translated by A. Kolemesin
About this article
Cite this article
Kuznetsov, P.N., Lyamina, N.V. & Yuferev, L.Y. A Device for Remote Monitoring of Solar Power Plant Parameters. Appl. Sol. Energy 55, 247–251 (2019). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0003701X19040078
- remote monitoring
- parameter control
- solar power station
- power production
- performance indicators
- WEB server