Atmospheric Pollution as a Factor of Environmental Hazard in the Baikal Region Cities
- 14 Downloads
It is shown that the chronic atmospheric pollution of cities in the Baikal region is caused by the combination of natural and climatic features and the industrial development of the territory. The variations in emissions of pollutants in 2008–2017 indicate an impact of the periods of growth and slowdown of macroeconomic processes in the regions and the transformation of the main production. A dominant role of thermal power engineering and processing industry as well as of road transport in the urban atmospheric pollution in the region is established. A significant increase in average annual concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene is revealed. A stable relationship was found between this growth and the population morbidity (neoplasms, respiratory diseases). The directions for reducing environmental hazards in the Baikal region cities are outlined.
KeywordsBaikal region cities air pollution index industrial enterprises benzo[a]pyrene population morbidity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.L. B. Bashalkhanova, V. N. Veselova, D. A. Gales, and A. V. Kazakov, “Conditions for the Self-purification of the Atmosphere,” in Ecological Atlas of Lake Baikal Basin, https://doi.org/bic.iwlearn.org/ru/atlas/atlas, Map 23 (2014).
- 2.E. Yu. Bezuglaya and I. V. Smirnova, Urban Air and Its Changes. (Asterion, St. Petersburg, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 3.Yu. P. Gichev, “Biological Aspects of Environmental Causality of Premature Aging (Population Progeria) and Population Lifetime Reduction in Russia,” Ekologiya Cheloveka, No. 6 (2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 4.State Report “The State and Protection of the Environment in the Republic of Buryatia in 2017” (Minprirody Respubliki Buryatia, Ulan-Ude, 2018, 2015, 2010, 2008) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 5.Report “The State and Protection of the Environment in the Irkutsk Oblast in 2017” (Minprirody i Ekologii Irkutskoi Oblasti, Irkutsk, 2018, 2015, 2011, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 6.Report “The State and Proteclion of the Environment in the Russian Federation in 2017” (Minprirody Rossii, NPP “Kadastr”, Moscow, 2018, 2015, 2011, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 7.Report “The State of San ttary-hygienic Welfare of Popula lion in the Irkutsk Oblast in 2017” (Upravlenie Federal’noi Sluzhby po Nadzoru v Sfere Zashchity Prav Potrebitelei i Blagopoluchiya Cheloveka po Irkutskoi Oblasti, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 8.Report on Environmental Conditions in the Zabaikalsky Krai in 2017 (Minprirody Zabaikal’skogo Kraya, Chita, 2018, 2015, 2011, 2010) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 9.N. V. Efimova, V. S. Rukavishnikov, V. A. Pankov, A. N. Perezhogin, S. F. Shayakhmetov, N. M. Meshchakova, and L. G. Lisetskaya, “Assessment of Carcinogenic Risks to Workers of the Main Enterprises of the Irkutsk Region,” Gigiena i Sanitariya, No. 12, 95 (2016) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 10.Morbidity of the Whole Population of the Republic of Buryatia in 2015–2017 (Statistical Data) (MIATs, Ulan-Ude, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 11.Morbidity of Population in the Zabaikalsky Krai in 2016–2017 (Statistical Data) (MIATs, Chita, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 12.V. V. Kryuchkov, The North: The Nature and the Human. (Nauka, Moscow, 1979) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 13.Scientific and Applied Reference Book on the USSR Climate, Ser. 3: Long-term Data, Parts 1–6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, No. 23, 1989; No. 22, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 14.Main Performance Indicators for Medical Organizations in the Irkutsk Oblast in 2017 (MIATs, Irkutsk, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 15.E. Y. Bezuglaya, “Air Quality in the Russian Federation,” WMO Bull., No. 2, 45 (1996).Google Scholar
- 16.Health Aspects of Air Pollution. Results from the WHO Project “Systematic Review of Health Aspects of Air Pollution in Europe” (WHO, 2005).Google Scholar
- 17.W. F. Hunt, R. B. Faoro, T. C. Curran, and J. Muntz, Estimated Cancer Incidence Rates for Selected Toxic Air Pollutants Using Ambient Air Pollution Data. (US EPA, Res. Triangle Park, NC, 1985).Google Scholar