Russian Meteorology and Hydrology

, Volume 43, Issue 12, pp 862–864 | Cite as

Wind Waves in the Northwestern Black Sea

  • A. V. GarmashovEmail author


The study presents the results of long-term monitoring of wind waves was carried out on the offshore fixed gas production platform in the northwestern part of the Black Sea in 1995–2011. The analysis of more than 31000 wave records provided reliable statistical characteristics of wind waves in the analyzed region. It was found that the maximum wave height reached 4.8 m in summer and 8.76 m in winter. The maximum hourly wave height exceeds significant wave height by 1.9 times in the vast majority of cases. The method of annual maxima revealed that in the Karkinit Bay the maximum wave height with the return period of 50 years is equal to 9.2 m.


Wind wave wave height wave period monitoring measurements Black Sea Karkinit Bay 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    The Atlas of Wind and Waves of the Black Sea (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1969) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wind and Waves in Oceans and Seas: Reference Data (Transport, Leningrad, 1974) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. V. Efimov and O. I. Komarovskaya, The Atlas of Extreme Wind Waves in the Black Sea (EKOSI-Gidrofizika, Sevastopol, 2009) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. A. Myslenkov and V. S. Arkhipkin, “Analysis of Wind Waves in the Tsemes Bay of the Black Sea Using the SWAN Model,” Trudy Gidromettsentra Rossii, No. 350 (2013) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. B. Polonskii, V. V. Fomin, and A. V. Garmashov, “Characteristics of Wind Waves in the Black Sea,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk Ukrainy, No. 8 (2011) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Typical Fields of Wind and Waves in the Black Sea, Ed. by E. N. Al’tman and G. V. Matushevskii (FOL SO GOIN, Sevastopol, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yu. N. Toloknov, A. I. Korovushkin, and K. G. Kozlov, “Automated Hydrometeorological Complex,” in Environmental Control Systems (1998) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. V. Shokurov, V. A. Dulov, E. V. Skiba, and V. V. Smolov, “Wind Waves in the Coastal Zone of the Southern Crimea: Assessment of Simul ation Quality Based on In Situ Measurements,” Okeanologiya, No. 2, 56 (2016) [Oceanology, No. 2, 56 (2016)].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Akpinar and S. P. Leon, “An Assessment of the Wind Re-analyses in the Modelling of an Extreme Sea State in the Black Sea,” Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 73 (2016).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. V. Garmashov and A. B. Polonskii, “Wind Variability in the Northwestern Part of the Black Sea from the Offshore Fixed Platform Observation Data,” Meteorol. Gidrol., No. 12 (2011) [Russ. Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 12, 36 (2011)].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. V. Kharin and F. W. Zwiers, “Changes in the Extremes in an Ensemble of Transient Climate Simulations with a Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model,” J. Climate, 13 (2000).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. J. Sobey and L. S. Orloff, “Triple Annual Maximum Series in Wave Climate Analyses,” Coast. Eng., No. 3, 26 (1995).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. P. van Vledder and A. Akpinar, “Wave Model Predictions in the Black Sea: Sensitivity to Wind Fields,” Appl. Ocean Res., 53 (2015).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Hydrophysical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSevastopolRussia
  2. 2.Zubov State Oceanographic Institute, Sevastopol BranchSevastopolRussia

Personalised recommendations