Mobile Measurement System for the Coupled Monitoring of Atmospheric and Soil Parameters
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The atmosphere-soil measurement system being an automatic weather station with the coupled set of soil sensors is described. It is used for measuring the profiles of soil temperature and surface soil moisture and for the synchronous measurements of air temperature and air humidity at the height of 1 and 2 m, wind speed and wind direction, amount of precipitation, and snow depth as well as of soil-water conductivity. Special software combines all sensors of the system into a single environmental monitoring system. The example of using measurement data for assessing the spatiotemporal dynamics of climate parameters is provided for contrasting landscapes of the Repubiic of Buryatia (eastern Baikalia and southern Vitim Plateau).
KeywordsAtmosphere-soil measurement system mobile automatic weather station meteorological sensors temperature profile sonde seasonal frost and permafrost
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