Russian Agricultural Sciences

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 423–429 | Cite as

Effect of the Nitrogen Rate and Weed Control Treatments on the Quantitative and Qualitative Yield of Sugar Beet

  • Mohammad ali Dastorani
  • Mohammad ArminEmail author


The effect of nitrogen rate and weed control treatments on the quantitative and qualitative yield of Sugar beet was studied at a private farm on the Oran Kohne River near Joghatai, Razavi Khorasn province, Iran in 2015. This experiment was carried out following a split plot design with three replications. Factors were the rate of nitrogen application and the control of weeds. The nitrogen rates were one and two times the recommended dose (200 kg N ha–1). Weed control treatments consisted of (1) a weedy check, (2) hand-hoeing twice, 3 and 6 weeks after sugar beet emergence (WAE), (3) hand-hoeing three times, at 3, 6 and 9 WAE, (4) post emergence application of the Phenmedipham+Ethofumesate+Desmedipham (Betanal progress OF) at 3 WAE + one hoeing at 6 WAE and (5) one hoeing at 3 WAE + Betanal progress OF application at 6 WAE. The increase in the amount of nitrogen reduced the density of the weeds, the impure sugar content while increasing the yield of the root, the yield of sugar, the content of a-amino and sodium. The dry weight of the weed, the sugar content in the molasses and the potassium content were not affected by the amount of nitrogen. The results showed that weed management treatments had a significant effect on all traits, except for the sodium content. In “weedy” treatment, weed density and weed dry weight were 41% and 60% higher than in the other weed control treatments, respectively. Weed interference decreased root yield (62%), sugar content (31%) and sugar yield (76%). In general, all weed control treatments improved root yield compared to the non-weeded check. However, the highest yields of root and sugar were obtained by hand hoeing three times at 3, 6 and 9 weeks after the emergence of the sugar beet.


integrated weed management herbicides nitrogen sugar beet weeding 



The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.


  1. 1.
    Cooke, D.A. and Scott, J., The Sugar Beet Crop, Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ahmadi, K., Ebadzadeh, H.R., Shah, H.A., Kazemian, A., and Rafi, M., Agricultural Statistics, vol. 1: Crop Products, Tehran: Ministry of Agriculture-Jahad, 2019.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bazoobandi, M., Baghestani, M.A., and Zand, E., Weeds and Their Management in Sugar Beet Fields, Plant and Pests and Diseases Research Institute, 2006.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Siahmarguee, A., Koocheki, A.R., and Nassiri Mahallati, M., Effect of different integrated weed management methods on weed characteristics and yield of sugar beet, EJCP, 2009, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 49–71.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kaya, R. and Buzluk, Ş., Integrated weed control in sugar beet through combinations of tractor hoeing and reduced dosages of a herbicide mixture, Turk. J. Agric. For., 2006, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 137–144.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abdel-Motagally, F.M. and Attia, K.K., Response of sugar beet plants to nitrogen and potassium fertilization in sandy calcareous soil, Int. J. Agric. Biol., 2009, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 695–700.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zargar, M., Najafi, H., Zand, E., and Mighani, F., Evaluation of the effect of chemical and non-chemical weed management methods toward reducing herbicide application rate in sugar beet, J. Plant Prot.(Agric. Sci. Technol.), 2012, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 368–377.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alaoui, B.S., Wyse, D.L., and Dexter, A.G., Minimum weed-free period for sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) in the Gharb region of Morocco, J. Sugar Beet Res., 2003, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 251–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fageria, N.K., Baligar, V.C., and Jones, C.A., Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops, CRC Press, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Blackshaw, R.E. and Brandt, R.N., Nitrogen fertilizer rate effects on weed competitiveness is species dependent, Weed Sci., 2008, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 743–747.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Modhej, A. and Jafarizadeh, S., Effect of increasing plant densities of mallow weed on spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under different rates of nitrogen, Res. Crops, 2012, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 829–833.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Upadhyaya, M.K. and Blackshaw, R.E., Non-Chemical Weed Management: Principles, Concepts and Technology, Cabi, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abouziena, H.F., El-Karmany, M., Singh, M., and Sharma, S., Effect of nitrogen rates and weed control treatments on maize yield and associated weeds in sandy soils, Weed Technol., 2007, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1049–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spangler, A.J., Sprague, C.L., and Steinke, K., Impact of nitrogen and weeds on glyphosate-resistant sugarbeet yield and quality, Weed Technol., 2014, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 189–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kim, D., Marshall, E., Caseley, J., and Brain, P., Modelling interactions between herbicide and nitrogen fertiliser in terms of weed response, Weed Res., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 480–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zoschke, A. and Quadranti, M., Integrated weed management: Quo vadis?, Weed Biol. Manage., 2002, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Basiri, K., Najafi, M., and Mirhadi, M., The effect of integrated control methods of broadleaf weeds density on sugar beet yield in Kermanshah zone, J. Sugar Beet, 2012, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 159–169.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Daneshian, J., Najari, Z., and Lotfi, F., Investigating of integrated weed management on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) yield in Miandoab, Weed Sci. J. Iran, 2013, vol. 8, pp. 41–53.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sharara, F., El-Shahawy, T., and El-Rokiek, K., Effect of some novel herbicides on the controlling weeds associated with maize plants, J. Agron., 2005, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 88–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zimdahl, R.L., Fundamentals of Weed Science, Academic Press, 2018.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ghanbari-Birgani, D., Sharifi, H., and Mazaheri, M., Investigating Betanal Progress AM for the Control of Broad Leaf Weeds in Sugar Beet, Final Research Report, Khuzestan: Saffiabad Agricultural Research Station, 2000.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ghanbari-Birgani, D., Hosseinpour, M., Shimi, P., and Abdollahian, M., Evaluation of Chloridazon and Desmedipham mixture with and without surfactant for weed control in sugar beet, Iran.J. Weed Sci., 2006, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 43–57.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Abdollahi, F. and Ghadiri, H., Effect of separate and combined applications of herbicides on weed control and yield of sugar beet, Weed Technol., 2004, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 968–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lindquist, J.L., Barker, D.C., Knezevic, S.Z., Martin, A.R., and Walters, D.T., Comparative nitrogen uptake and distribution in corn and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti), Weed Sci., 2007, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 102–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    El-Sarag, E.I. and Moselhy, S.H., Response of sugar beet quantity and quality to nitrogen and potasium fertilization under sandy soils conditions, Asian J. Crop Sci., 2013, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 295–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bazoobandi, M., Baghestani, M.A., and Zand, E., Weeds and Their Management in Sugar Beet Fields, Plant and Pests and Diseases Research Institute, 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad UniversitySabzevarIran

Personalised recommendations