Journal of Superhard Materials

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 315–324 | Cite as

Growth of Structurally Perfect Diamond Single Crystals at High Pressures and Temperatures. Review

  • V. V. Lysakovskyi
  • N. V. Novikov
  • S. A. Ivakhnenko
  • O. A. Zanevskyy
  • T. V. KovalenkoEmail author
Production, Structure, Properties


The investigations performed at high pressures and high temperatures (HTHP crystallization) have permitted clarifying the mechanism of phase transformations and carbon transport in solvent metals for diamond growth and elaborating methods for growing large-size structurally perfect diamond single crystals of types Ib, IIa, and IIb. The findings have provided the basis for the process of production of diamonds for applications in electronics, laser technology, precision machining operations, well drilling tools. The use of a large-volume six-punch high pressure apparatus makes it possible to grow diamond single crystals with a higher efficiency. It is estimated that this apparatus is capable of producing annually at least 1 mln carats of structurally perfect crystals of required types for various applications.


diamond single crystals high pressure apparatus growth systems temperature gradient method 


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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Lysakovskyi
    • 1
  • N. V. Novikov
    • 1
  • S. A. Ivakhnenko
    • 1
  • O. A. Zanevskyy
    • 1
  • T. V. Kovalenko
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Bakul Institute for Superhard MaterialsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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