Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 359–366 | Cite as

Photodegradation of 2-Chlorophenol in TiO2/UV System: Phytotoxicity Assessment of Treated Solutions Against Seedling Growth of Turnip and Tomato

  • K. Elghniji
  • B. Zougari-Elwedi
  • E. Elaloui
  • Y. Moussaoui
Biological Methods of Water Treatment


The photodegradation and detoxification of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP) in TiO2 suspensions were studied using monochromatic UV-lamp. The effect of pH on the photodegradation of 2-CP was investigated. Removal of 98% of initial 2-CP was achieved within 210 under optimum concentration of 2-CP (60 mg/L) and TiO2 (80 mg/L). The apparent first-order rate constant kapp of 2-CP is estimated to be 0.0043 min–1 at pH 4, while a 3-fold increase in kapp was observed at pH 9. Phytotoxicity effects of treated 2-CP on seed germination, root elongation and plant growth of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) and turnip (Brassica rapa) seeds were also carried out with the aim of water reuse and environment protection. No statistically differences have been also found to exist for seed germination of tomato and turnip between deionized water (control) and phototreated 2-CP solution, indicating a significant removal of the overall toxicity. In the 10th day of germination, the average root elongation increases at 210 min of photocatalytic degradation yielding 7.1 ± 0.9 and 5.6 ± 0.66 cm for turnip and tomato seeds, respectively. Turnip plants irrigated with the phototreated 2-CP solution grow in a similar manner as the plant irrigated with the tap water. The phototreated 2-CP can be used in the irrigation of agriculture garden but only after further treatment.


TiO2 2-chlorophenol root elongation seed germination 


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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Elghniji
    • 1
  • B. Zougari-Elwedi
    • 2
  • E. Elaloui
    • 1
  • Y. Moussaoui
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Recherche Matériaux, Environment et EnergieUniversitaire Sidi Ahmed ZarroukGafsaTunisia
  2. 2.Centre Régionale de Recherche en Agriculture OasienneDegacheTunisia

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