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Influence of Preheating Temperature on Solution Combustion Synthesis of Ni–NiO Nanocomposites: Mathematical Model and Experiment

  • O. Thoda
  • G. Xanthopoulou
  • V. Prokof’ev
  • S. Roslyakov
  • G. Vekinis
  • A. Chroneos
Article
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Abstract

Solution combustion synthesis (SCS) is a widely recognized method to synthesize nanoscale materials. In this work, an attempt was made to analytically simulate (using the Semenov method) and evaluate the influence of preheating temperature on flame temperature as well as on physicochemical characteristics of SCS products. Preheating was found to affect combustion temperature only slightly. An increase in preheating temperature led to a decrease in the induction period due to enhanced heating rate and an increase in cooling time as a result of additional exothermic reactions taking place at higher temperatures. Variation in cooling time caused changes in composition and microstructure of product. For the first time, a mathematical model of SCS was suggested.

Keywords

SHS solution combustion synthesis Ni–NiO nanocomposites preheating temperature modelling reaction mechanism 

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Thoda
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Xanthopoulou
    • 1
    • 3
  • V. Prokof’ev
    • 4
  • S. Roslyakov
    • 5
  • G. Vekinis
    • 1
  • A. Chroneos
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Nanoscience and NanotechnologyNCSR DemokritosAgia Paraskevi AttikisGreece
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Environment and ComputingCoventry UniversityLondonUnited Kingdom
  3. 3.Samara National Research UniversitySamaraRussia
  4. 4.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussia
  5. 5.National University of Science and Technology MISiSMoscowRussia

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