Subwavelength focusing with a Mikaelian planar lens
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We show that an arbitrary TE-polarized light field propagating in a Mikaelian secant (MS) planar lens can be decomposed into modes described by the Jacobi polynomials. This light field will be periodically repeated at the Talbot length and focused with a half-Talbot length period. An analytical expression for the width of the focal spot has been obtained. The MS lens allows obtaining a focal spot of width equal to the diffraction limit in the medium. The MS lens has been fabricated as a planar photonic crystal lens in a silicon film for wavelength 1.55 μm, and its focusing properties have been demonstrated by visible light (532 nm) interference fringes.
KeywordsMikaelian secant lens SELFOC—Mikaelian waveguide waveguide modes Jacobi polynomials photonic crystal lens
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