Possibilities of Using a Local Heat Treatment to Produce New Precision Alloys

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

  • 1 Accesses


The possibilities of using a local heat treatment to produce gradient materials, which differ from common alloys by the presence of two or more macroscopic areas with fundamentally different physical or mechanical properties, is discussed. The method to produce gradient materials representing a ferromagnetic matrix, in which the paramagnetic areas are distributed according to a preset law, is described. The fields of practical application of such materials are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA


  1. 1

    Estrin, E.I., Possible creation of sensors based on phase transitions, Stal’, 1998, no. 2, pp. 65–67.

  2. 2

    Levin, A.V., Libman, M.A., Livshits, E.Ya., et al., Creating a gradient material for aviation generators, Steel Transl., 2008, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 786–790.

  3. 3

    Galkin, M.P., Libman, M.A., and Estrin, E.I., Use of phase transition to obtain gradient materials, Inorg. Mater.: Appl. Res., 2014, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 340–343.

  4. 4

    Andreev, A.O., Galkin, M.P., Libman, M.A., et al., Use of laser heat treatment for creating gradient materials based on the Fe–Cr–Ni system, Met. Sci. Heat Treat., 2014, vol. 56, nos. 1–2, pp. 53–56.

  5. 5

    Blinova, E.N., Glezer, A.M., Libman, M.A., and Estrin, E.I., Structure of the martensite–austenite transition zone after a local pulse heating of the martensite, Russ. Phys. J., 2014, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 429–435.

  6. 6

    Libman, M.A. and Estrin, E.I., Stability of the high-temperature phase in composites with a specified distribution of ferromagnetic and paramagnetic regions, Steel Transl., 2014, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 779–781.

  7. 7

    Andreev, A.O., Bykovskiy, D.P., Osintsev, A.V., et al., Effect of the laser heat treatment on the formation of the gradient structures in alloys based on Fe–Cr–Ni system, IOP Conf. Ser.: J. Phys., 2017, vol. 941, art. ID 012027.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to E. V. Pimenov.

Additional information

Translated by M. Kromin

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pimenov, E.V. Possibilities of Using a Local Heat Treatment to Produce New Precision Alloys. Steel Transl. 49, 649–651 (2019).

Download citation


  • gradient materials
  • austenite
  • martensite
  • local heat treatment
  • magnetic properties
  • nanohardness