Solid Fuel Chemistry

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 356–360 | Cite as

Mechanochemical Solid-Phase Reactions of Humic Acids from Brown Coal with Sodium Percarbonate

  • T. S. SkripkinaEmail author
  • A. L. BychkovEmail author
  • V. D. TikhovaEmail author
  • O. I. LomovskyEmail author


The solid-phase reaction of sodium percarbonate with brown coal was investigated. The results of determining the effect of a peroxide component of sodium percarbonate on an increase in the yield of humic acids as a result of the reaction are presented. It was found that the mechanism of radical oxidation makes a significant contribution to the course of the reaction. Changes in the structure of humic acids because of oxidation in the mechanochemical reaction of brown coal with sodium percarbonate were studied by IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. An increase in the concentration of phenolic and carboxyl groups in the structure of humic acids from brown coal after the reaction was caused by the appearance of new groups as a result of oxidation and their release due to the destruction of stable complexes with metals.


brown coal mechanochemistry solid-phase reaction sodium percarbonate humic acids oxidation 



This work was performed at the Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences within the framework of a state contract (project no. 0301-2018-0004).


  1. 1.
    Kukharenko, T.A., Khimiya i genezis iskopaemykh uglei (Chemistry and Genesis of Fossil Coals), Moscow: Gosgortekhizdat, 1960.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Proidakov A.G., Solid Fuel Chem., 2009, vol. 43, no. 9, p. 9. doi doi 10.3103/S0361521909010030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Programma razvitiya ugol’noi promyshlennosti Rossii na period do 2030 goda (Program of the Development of the Coal Industry in Russia for a Period to 2030), approved by decree no. 1099-r of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 21, 2014.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Smolyakov, B.S., Sagidullin, A.K., and Chikunov, A.S., J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 2017, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tipping, E., Cation Binding by Humic Substances, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mal'tseva, E.V., Nechaev, L.V., Yudina, N.V., and Chaikovskaya, O.N., Solid Fuel Chem., 2017, vol. 51, no. 1, p. 1. doi doi 10.3103/S0361521917010062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Skybova, M., Turcaniova, L., Cuvanova, S., Zubrik, A., Hredzak, S., and Hudymacova, L., J. Alloys Compd., 2007, vol. 434, p. 842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mirzobekzoda, M.P., Maltseva, E.V., and Shekhovtsova, N.S., Adv. Mater. Res., 2015, vol. 1085, p. 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yudina, N.V., Mal’tseva, E.V., Smirnova, A.S., and Berezina, E.M., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 2016, vol. 89, no. 6, p. 812.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Urazova, T.S., Bychkov, A.L., and Lomovskii, O.I., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 2014, vol. 87, no. 5, p. 664.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smolyakov, B.S., Sagidullin, A.K., Bychkov, A.L., Lomovsky, I.O., and Lomovsky, O.I., J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 2015, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 1939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Savel’eva, A.V., Ivanov, A.A., Yudina, N.V., and Lomovskii, O.I., Solid Fuel Chem., 2015, vol. 49, no. 4, p. 201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    McKillop, A. and Sanderson, W.R., Tetrahedron, 1995, vol. 51, no. 22, p. 6145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    ISO 5073:2013: Brown Coals and Lignites - Determination of Humic Acids (Specifies Volumetric Methods for the Determination of Total Humic Acids and Free Humic Acid of Brown Coals and Lignites). Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fadeeva, V.P., Tikhova, V.D., and Nikulicheva, O.N., J. Anal. Chem., 2008, vol. 63, no. 11, p. 1094.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    GOST (State Standard) 11022-95: Mineral Solid Fuel. Methods for the Determination of Ash Content. Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ivanov, A.A., Yudina, N.V., and Lomovskii, O.I., Izv. Tomsk. Politekhn. Univ., 2006, vol. 309, no. 5, p. 73.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Avvakumov, E., Senna, M., and Kosova, N., Soft Mechanochemical Synthesis: A Basis for New Chemical Technologies, Boston: Springer, 2001.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shapolova, E.G. and Lomovskij, O.I., Russ. J. Bioorg. Chem., 2016, vol. 42, no. 7, p. 777.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nagiev, T.M., Russ. Chem. Rev, 1985, vol. 54, no. 10, p. 974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Deutsch, J.C., Anal. Biochem., 1998, vol. 255, no. 1, p. 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Khil’ko, S.L., Kovtun, A.I., and Rybachenko, V.I., Khim. Tverd. Topl. (Moscow), 2011, no. 5, p. 50.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Taits, E.M. and Andreeva, I.A., Metody analiza i ispytaniya uglei (Methods for the Analysis and Testing of Coals), Moscow: Nedra, 1983.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zherebtsov, S., Malyshenko, N., Bryukhovetskaya, L., and Ismagilov, Z., E3S Web of Conferences, 2017, vol. 21, EDP Sciences, p. 02022.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tikhova, V.D., Fadeeva, V.P., Shakirov, M.M., and Yudina, N.V., Analytics Control, 2004, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 370.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ghabbour, E.A., Shaker, M., El-Toukhy, A., Abid, I.M., and Davies, G., Chemosphere, 2006, vol. 63, p. 477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Abate, G. and Masini, J.C., J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2001, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 109. doi 10.1590/S0103-50532001000100015CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Vorozhtsov Institute of Organic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations