Advertisement

Ecological State of Soils and Tree Vegetation in Urban Park-recreational Landscapes (Based on the Example of Catherine Park in Moscow)

  • 2 Accesses

Abstract

The influence of anthropogenic activity on the quality of urban alluvial soils and conditions of growth and state of tree stands is estimated. The level of negative consequences for natural components is correlated with the degree of human effect. Moisture decreases, the humus content changes in different directions, and the pH of water and electrical conductivity increase in the soil profile. Soil densification and the inhibition of biological activity are recorded in the surface horizons. The coefficient of ecological state of soils decreases by 6–24% compared to the optimum conditions. The correlation analysis showed a significant weak inverse correlation between the state of vegetation and soil quality (the Spearman coefficient was –0.53).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly.

Please try refreshing the page. If that doesn't work, please contact support so we can address the problem.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

REFERENCES

  1. 1

    Varava, O.A., Soils of city rivers valleys: by the example of Moscow, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow, 2010.

  2. 2

    Gerasimova, M.I., Stroganova, M.N., Mozharova, N.V., and Prokof’eva, T.V., Antropogennye pochvy (Anthropogenic Soils), Moscow, 2003.

  3. 3

    Zakharov, V.M. and Chubinishvili, A.T., Monitoring zdorov’ya sredy na okhranyaemykh prirodnykh territoriyakh (Nature Health Monitoring at Protected Natural Area), Moscow, 2001.

  4. 4

    Zelikov, V.D., Some materials for forest parks, mini-parks and streets soils characteristic, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Lesn. Zh., 1964, no. 3.

  5. 5

    Kuznetsov, V.A., Ryzhova, I.M., and Stoma, G.V., Changes in the properties of soils of Moscow forest parks under the impact of high recreation loads, Eurasian Soil Sci., 2017, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 1225–1236.

  6. 6

    Kuznetsov, V.A. and Stoma, G.V., The influence of recreation on the city forest landscape (based on the example of the Losinyi Ostrov National Park, Moscow), Moscow Univ. Soil Sci. Bull., 2013, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 123–129.

  7. 7

    Lesnye ekosistemy i urbanizatsiya (Forest Ecosystems and Urbanization), Rysin, L.P., Ed., Moscow, 2008.

  8. 8

    Lyulin, S.Yu. and Selitskaya, O.V., Features of microbial communities from urbanized territories by the example of Filevskaya poima of Moscow district, Izv. Timiryazevsk. S-kh. Akad., 2006, no. 4.

  9. 9

    Metody pochvennoi mikrobiologii i biokhimii (Methods of Soils Microbiology and Biochemistry), Zvyagintsev, D.G., Ed., Moscow, 1991.

  10. 10

    Mozolevskaya, E.G., Zherebtsova, G.P., Sokolova, E.S., et al., Otsenka zhiznesposobnosti derev’ev i pravila ikh otbora i naznacheniya k vyrubke i peresadke (Assessment of Trees Life Ability and Guides for their Selection to Cutting and Replanting), Moscow, 2004.

  11. 11

    Pochva, gorod, ekologiya (Soil, City, Ecology), Dobrovol’skii, G.V., Ed., Moscow, 1997.

  12. 12

    Semenyuk, O.V., Il’yashenko, M.A., and Bobrik, A.A., The way to estimate ecological functions of park soils on the base of their biological activity, Probl. Agrokhim. Ekol., 2013, no. 3.

  13. 13

    Sostoyanie zelenykh nasazhdenii i gorodskikh lesov v Moskve (The Status of Moscow Green Areas and Forests), Yakubov, Kh.G., Ed., Moscow, 2000.

  14. 14

    Stoma, G.V. and Akhadova, E.V., Characteristics and ecological status of soils in the area of Moscow State University, Moscow Univ. Soil Sci. Bull., 2015, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 29–36.

  15. 15

    Stroganova, M.N., Prokof’eva, T.V., Prokhorov, A.N., et al., Ecological status of urban soils and economic evaluation of lands, Eurasian Soil Sci., 2003, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 780–788.

  16. 16

    Shapochkin, M.S., Kiseleva, V.V., Obydennikov, V.I., et al., Complex method for investigating the effect onto city and suburban forests ecosystems, in Nauch. tr. natsion. parka “Losinyi ostrov” (Scientific Works of Losinyi Ostrov National Park), Moscow, 2003, no. 3.

  17. 17

    Ekologiya goroda (City Ecology), Kurbatova, A.S., Bashkin, V.N., and Kasimov, N.S., Eds., Moscow, 2004.

  18. 18

    Ekologicheskie funktsii gorodskikh pochv (Ecological Functions of City Soils), Kurbatova, A.S. and Bashkin, V.N., Eds., Moscow, Smolensk, 2004.

  19. 19

    Yakubov, Kh.G., Ekologicheskii monitoring zelenykh nasazhdenii v Moskve (Ecological Monitoring of Moscow Green Areas), Moscow, 2005.

  20. 20

    Dong-sheng, G. and Yu-juan, C., Status of urban vegetation in Guangzhou City, J. Forest. Res., 2003, vol. 14, no. 3.

  21. 21

    Groffman, P.M., Bain, D.J., Lawrence, E., and Band, L.E., Down by the riverside: urban riparian ecology, Front. Ecol. Environ., 2003, vol. 1, no. 6.

  22. 22

    Pouyat, R., Groffman, P., Yesilonis, I., and Hernandez, L., Soil carbon pools and fluxes in urban ecosystems, Environ. Pollut., 2002, vol. 116, suppl. 1, pp. S107–S118.

  23. 23

    Pouyat, R.V., Yesilonis, I.D., Russell-Anelli, J., and Neerchal, N.K., Soil chemical and physical properties that differentiate urban land-use and cover types, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 2007, vol. 71, no. 3.

  24. 24

    Scharenbroch, B.C., John, E., Lloyd, J.E., and Johnson-Maynard, J.L., Distinguishing urban soils with physical, chemical, and biological properties, Pedobiology, 2005, vol. 49, no. 4.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to G. V. Stoma or L. V. Romanova.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Translated by D. Zabolotny

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Stoma, G.V., Romanova, L.V. Ecological State of Soils and Tree Vegetation in Urban Park-recreational Landscapes (Based on the Example of Catherine Park in Moscow). Moscow Univ. Soil Sci. Bull. 74, 146–153 (2019). https://doi.org/10.3103/S0147687419040070

Download citation

Keywords:

  • urbanized areas
  • urban parks
  • tree vegetation
  • soil properties
  • ecological state of soils