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Analysis of the State of the Soil Microbial System under Prolonged Anthropogenic Load

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Abstract—

The paper presents a comparative analysis of the structural and functional characteristics of microbial communities of gray forest soil of fallow and intensively cultivated areas. The long-term anthropogenic impact with massive annual mineral fertilization when growing a monoculture of potatoes has led to degradation of the soil microbial system. A catastrophic decrease in the functional potential of the microbial system (environmental services) is shown using eco-exergy as a thermodynamic indicator of soil “health”.

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Author information

Correspondence to N. R. Emer or N. V. Kostina or A. I. Netrusov or I. S. Zhebrak or P. A. Kozhevin.

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Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.

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Translated by E.V. Makeeva

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Emer, N.R., Kostina, N.V., Netrusov, A.I. et al. Analysis of the State of the Soil Microbial System under Prolonged Anthropogenic Load. Moscow Univ. Soil Sci. Bull. 74, 187–192 (2019) doi:10.3103/S0147687419040045

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Keywords:

  • microbial system
  • soil
  • disturbance
  • soil “health”
  • environmental services
  • exergy