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Cytology and Genetics

, Volume 52, Issue 5, pp 323–330 | Cite as

Epicuticular Wax Composition of Leaves of Tilia L. Trees as a Marker of Adaptation to the Climatic Conditions of the Steppe Dnieper

  • Yu. V. Lykholat
  • N. O. Khromykh
  • Ya. V. Pirko
  • A. A. Alexeyeva
  • N. L. Pastukhova
  • Ya. B. Blume
Article

Abstract

The relationship between the adaptive ability of different linden genotypes to the changing climatic conditions of the Steppe Dnieper and the epicuticular wax component composition of tree leaves was investigated. Specificity of the epicuticular wax hydrocarbon composition of linden autochthonous species (T. cordata) and introduced species (T. platyphyllos and T. begoniifolia) was established. For all genotypes, significant differences in the composition of epicuticular waxes from the surface of shaded and sun-adapted leaves were identified. The greatest accumulation of the epicuticular waxes was on the leaves of T. platyphyllos both under the shading conditions and illumination (11.0 and 17.6 μg/cm2, respectively). The general pattern for the genus Tilia L. species consisted in a substantial increase in the content of very long-chain n-alkanes simultaneously with a sharp decrease in the free fatty acid content in the composition of epicuticular waxes under the intensive illumination of leaves.

Keywords:

cuticle surface wax linden species lighting fittings adaptation 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Researches were carried out with the support of the grant of the Ukrainian State Fund of Research Financing “Population-Genetic Analysis of the Climatic Changes Influence on the Invasiveness of Alien Plants in the Steppe Dnieper” (state registration no. 0117U006749).

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Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oles Honchar Dnipro National UniversityDniproUkraine
  2. 2.Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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