Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Complex Research on the Composition and Microstructure of Historical Glass

Abstract—A novel method for determining the lead concentration in glass by a portable X-ray fluorescence analyzer is developed and applied to the analysis of smalts manufactured by Mikhail Lomonosov at his factory in Ust’-Ruditsa. Complex research on the microstructure and composition of the glass is carried out. The XRF method as a new approach to the study of historical glass is described.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.


  1. 1

    Fredrickx, P., Schryvers, D., and Janssens, K., Phys. Chem. Glasses, 2002, vol. 43, no. 4, p. 176.

  2. 2

    Gratuze, B., in Recent Advances in Laser Ablation ICP–MS for Archaeology, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016, p. 179.

  3. 3

    Naumov, D.V., in Ocherki tekhnologii drevneishikh proizvodstv, sbornik (Essays on the Technology of Ancient Production: Collection of Papers), Moscow: Nauka, 1975, p. 156.

  4. 4

    Stolyarova, E.K., in Arkheologiya Podmoskov’ya: Materialy nauchnogo seminara (Archeology of Moscow Region: Collection of Papers of a Scientific Conference), no. 7, Moscow: Inst. Arkheol. Ross. Acad. Nauk, 2011, p. 422.

  5. 5

    Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Handbook, Nelms, S., Ed., Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

  6. 6

    Hillebrand, W.F., and Lundell, G.E.F., Applied Inorganic Analysis, With Special Reference to the Analysis of Metals, Minerals, and Rocks, London: Chapman and Hall, 1953.

  7. 7

    Burt, J., Grantham, W., Levason, W., Light, M.E., and Reid, G., Polyhedron, 2015, vol. 85, p. 530.

  8. 8

    Finney, W.F., Wilson, E., Callender, A., Morris, M.D., and Beck, L.W., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2006, vol. 40, no. 8, p. 2572.

  9. 9

    Rookzby, H.P., J. Soc. Glass Technol., 1939, vol. 23, p. 76.

  10. 10

    Jorgensen, J.D., J. Appl. Phys., 1978, vol. 49, p. 5473.

  11. 11

    Jewell, J.M. and Shelby, J.E., Phys. Chem. Glasses, 1991, vol. 32, no. 3, p. 81.

  12. 12

    Kreidl, N.J. and Maklad, M.S., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 1969, vol. 52, no. 9, p. 508.

  13. 13

    Portable X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry: Capabilities for In Situ Analysis, Potts, P.J. and West, M., Eds., Cambridge: RSC, 2008.

  14. 14

    Kaiser, B. and Shugar, A., Handheld XRF for Art and Archeology, Shugar A.N. and Mass, J.L., Eds., Leuven: Leuven Univ., 2012, p. 449.

  15. 15

    Kohara, S., Ohno, H., Takata, M., Usuki, T., Morita, H., Suzuya, K., Akota, J., and Pusztai, L., Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter Mater. Phys., 2010, vol. 82, 134209.

  16. 16

    Mizuno, M., Takahashi, M., Takaishi, T., and Yoko, T., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 2005, vol. 88, no. 10, p. 2908.

  17. 17

    Robinet, L., Bouquillon, A., and Hartwig, J., J. Raman Spectrosc., 2008, vol. 39, p. 618.

  18. 18

    Falcone, R., Renier, A., and Verita, M., Archeometry, 2002, vol. 44, no. 4, p. 531.

Download references


The authors thank V.K. Karandashev and V.A. Khvostikov for performing and discussing the LA-ICP-MS, ICP-MS, and AES analysis of the samples.

Author information

Correspondence to A. A. Drozdov.

Ethics declarations

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Translated by N. Saetova

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Andreev, M.N., Drozdov, A.A. & Krasnobrov, V.D. Complex Research on the Composition and Microstructure of Historical Glass. Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull. 74, 330–338 (2019).

Download citation


  • ICP-MS
  • historical glass analysis
  • X-ray fluorescence