Applied Solar Energy

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 260–264 | Cite as

An Offshore Wind-Power-Based Water Desalination Complex as a Response to an Emergency in Water Supply to Northern Crimea

  • V. V. CheboxarovEmail author
  • B. A. Yakimovich
  • L. M. Abd Ali
  • F. M. Al-Rufee


This paper is concerned with the problem of water shortage in northern Crimea. It shows that the Crimean Peninsula lacks access to fresh water from natural sources. For decades, water supply was provided mostly from the Dnieper River via the North Crimean Canal. An emergency situation arose in water supply in Crimea after the canal was shut down. It has been shown that seawater desalination from renewables is the only reliable way to tackle the problem. The work reviews perspective desalination methods, suggests a new schematic of a desalination complex based on Wind Energy Marine Units, and determines key parameters of the complex.


wind power plant water supply fresh water sea water reverse osmosis 



We are grateful to our colleagues at the Institute of Nuclear Energy and Industry, Sevastopol State University, for their continuous support.


This work was supported by an internal grant of Sevastopol State University.


The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    Kartalidis, A., Kampragkou, E., Assimacopoulos, D., and Tzen, E., Responding to water challenges in Greece through desalination: energy considerations, Int. J. Water Resour. Develop., 2015, p. 14.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kaldellis, J.K. and Kondili, E.M., The water shortage problem in the Aegean archipelago islands: cost-effective desalination prospects, Desalination, 2007, no. 216, pp. 123–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Viola, F., Sapiano, M., Schembri, M., et al., The state of water resources in major mediterranean islands, Water Resour., 2014, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 639–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wood, D. and Freere, P., Stand-alone wind energy systems A2, in Stand-Alone and Hybrid Wind Energy Systems, Kaldellis, J.K., Ed., Cambridge: Woodhead, 2010, pp. 165–190.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ghaffour, N., Technical review and evaluation of the economics of water desalination: current and future challenges for better water supply sustainability, Desalination, 2013, no. 309, pp. 197–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lattemann, S. and Hopner, T., Environmental impact and impact assessment of seawater desalination, Desalination, 2008, no. 220, pp. 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eltawil, M.A., A review of renewable energy technologies integrated with desalination systems, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 2009, no. 13, pp. 2245–2262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Carta, J.A. et al., Operational analysis of an innovative wind powered reverse osmosis system installed in the Canary Islands, Solar Energy, 2003, no. 75, pp. 33–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koklas, P.A. and Papathanassiou, S.A., Component sizing for an autonomous wind-driven desalination plant, Renewable Energy, 2006, no. 31, pp. 2122–2139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cheboxarov, Val.V. and Cheboxarov, Vic.V., The study of large floating wind turbines, Vestn. DVO RAN, 2005, no. 6, pp. 46–51.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cheboxarov, Val.V. and Cheboxarov, Vic.V., Development of high-capacity desalination plant driven by offshore wind turbine, in Proceedings of the ISES Solar World Congress 2007, Beijing, China: Springer, 2007, vol. 5, pp. 2565–2569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Cheboxarov
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. A. Yakimovich
    • 1
  • L. M. Abd Ali
    • 3
  • F. M. Al-Rufee
    • 2
  1. 1.Sevastopol State UniversitySevastopolRussia
  2. 2.Wasit UniversityWasitIraq
  3. 3.University of KufaNajafIraq

Personalised recommendations