The influence of hydromorphological modifications of the littoral zone in lakes on macrophytes

Abstract

The study aimed at determining the influence of hydromorphological modifications of the littoral zone in lakes on the occurrence and quantitative diversity of macrophytes. The field research was carried out at the peak of the growing season (June – September) between 2006 and 2009. Altogether, 457 transects were studied, located in 5 lakes. Studies on the hydromorphology were performed with the method of Lake Habitat Survey (LHS), and on macrophytes — with the method of transects. The studied sites were divided into 3 groups of different intensity of morphological transformations. The identified groups constituted the starting point for the analysis of influence exerted by transformations on macrophytes. The obtained results indicate that hydromorphological modifications of lakes are an important ecological factor affecting the occurrence and quantitative diversity of macrophytes. The transformations recorded in the studied reservoirs resulted mostly from recreational exploitation. They were responsible for mechanical elimination of dominant species, which led to an increased number of taxa, synanthropization and an average level of hemeroby as well as a decrease in the total vegetation cover. Helophytes were the most negatively affected group by the transformations, which reduce their contribution in the vegetation cover, whereas macroscopic filamentous algae and elodeids were positively affected.

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Correspondence to Szymon Jusik.

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Jusik, S., Macioł, A. The influence of hydromorphological modifications of the littoral zone in lakes on macrophytes. Ocean and Hydro 43, 66–76 (2014). https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0119-x

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Key words

  • macrophytes
  • anthropogenic transformations
  • hydromorphological modifications
  • lakes
  • littoral zone