The round goby was noted for the first time in the Gulf of Gdańsk in 1990. After a few years, the round goby had invaded all suitable areas in the west part of the Gulf of Gdańsk. Generally, the sandy bottom was the factor that do not prevent the fish invasion. The effectiveness of reproduction is one of the most important factors in deciding the success of an introduction into a new area. The round goby needs a hard bottom for egg laying and subsequent embryo development in nests guarded by males. We observed the round goby nests in the Gulf of Gdańsk during three subsequent years. Distances between nests, nest size, number of eggs per nest, and depth of nest locations were investigated by underwater survey, from May till September, throughout the round goby spawning season. Our investigation led us to confirm that any solid elements on the bottom may be utilized as nest substrate when nesting areas are limited. Distances between nests decrease noticeably in comparison with native round goby areas. Taking into account these findings, we conclude that shallow water areas, of almost any type of bottom, might be invaded by the round goby.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Almanda V.C., Goncalves E.J., Santos A.J. & Baptista C. (1994). Breeding ecology and nest aggregations in a population of Salaria pavo (Pisces: Blenniidae) in an area where nest sites are very scarce. J. Fish Biol. 45, 19–830.
Bzoma S. (1998). The contribution of round goby (Neogobius melanostomus Pallas 1811) to the food supply of cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo Linneus 1758) feeding in the Puck Bay. Bull. Sea Fisheries Inst. 2, 39–47.
Charlebois P.M., Marsden J.E., Goettel R.G., Wolfe R.K., Jude D.J. & Rudnika S. (1997). The round goby, Neogobius melanostomus Pallas, a review of European and North American literature. Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant Program and Illinois Natural History Survey. INHS Special Publication No. 20. 76pp.
Corkum L.D., MacInnis A.J. & Wickett R.G. (1998). Reproductive habits of round gobies. Great Lakes Research Review. 3, 13–20.
Corkum L.D., Sapota M.R. & Skora K.E. (2004). The round goby, Neogobius melanostomus, a fish invader on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Biol. Invasions. 6, 173–181.
Dziubińska A. & Janas U. (2007). Submerged objects a nice place to live and develop. Succession of fouling communities in the Gulf of Gdańsk, Southern Baltic. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 364, 65–78.
Dziubińska A. & Szaniawska A. (2010). Short-term study on the early succession stages of fouling communities in the coastal zone of Puck Bay southern Baltic Sea. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 394, 3–16.
Graca B., Burska D. & Matuszewska K. (2004). The impact of dredging deep pits on organic matter decomposition in sediments. Water Air and Soil Poll. 158, 237–259.
Izergyn L.V. & Dushkina L.A. (1994). Biotesting of the effects of artificial reefs in the Azov Sea ecosystem. B. Mar. Sci. 55(2–3), 1338–1345.
Kornis M.S., Mercado-Silva N. & Vander Zanden M.J. (2012). Twenty years of invasion, a review of round goby Neogobius melanostomus biology, spread and ecological implications. J. Fish Biol. 80, 235–285.
Kovtun I.F. (1978). On the fecundity of the round goby, Gobius melanostomus, from the Sea of Azov. J. Ichthyol. 17, 566–573.
Kovtun I.F. (1980). Significance of the sex ratio in the spawning population of the round goby in relation to year-class strength in the Sea of Azov. J. Ichthyol. 19, 161–163.
Kraak S.B.M. (1996). Female preference for nests with many eggs, a cost-benefit analysis of female choice in fish with parental care. Behav. Ecol. 7, 353–361.
MacInnis A.J. (1997). Aspects of the life history of the round goby, Neogobius melanostomus Perciformes, Gobiidae in the Detroit River. M.Sc Thesis, University of Windsor, Windsor Ontario. 153pp.
MacInnis A.J. & Corkum L.D. (2000). Fecundity and reproductive season of the round goby Neogobius melanostomus in the upper Detroit River. American Fisheries Society. 129, 136–144.
Menshikova L.A. (1954). Embryonic and postembryonic development of the round goby and bullhead at different salinity. Trudy Odeskskogo gosudarsvennogo universiteta. Sbornik studencheskikh rabot III, 163–168.
Miller P.J. (1984). The tokology of gobid fish in: Potts GW, Wootton JR eds, Fish reproduction, strategies and tactics. Academic Press, London, 119–153.
Miller P.J. (1986). Gobiidae in: Whitehead PJP, Bauchot ML, Hureau JC, Nielsen J, Tortonese E eds, Fishes of the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean. Vol. III. UNESCO, Paris, 1019–1095.
Miller P. J. (2003). The Freshwater Fishes of Europe. Mugilidae, Atherinidae, Atherinopsidae, Blenniidae, Odontobutidae, Gobiidae 1, Vol. 8/I. AULA-Verlag, 293–345.
Moskalkova K.I. (1996). Ecological and morphophysiological prerequisites to range extension in the round goby Neogobius melanostomus under conditions of anthropogenic pollution. J. Ichthyol., 36, 584–590.
Pinchuk V.I. (1970). An unusual goby specimen from the bay of Taman. J. Ichthyol. 5, 689–691.
Pinchuk V.I. (1991). Species groupings in the genus Neogobius Perciformes. J. Ichthyol. 31, 1–15.
Pliński M. (1990). Important ecological features of the Polish coastal zone of the Baltic Sea. Limnologica 20(1), 39–45.
Pliński M. & Wiktor K. (1987). Contemporary changes in coastal biocoenosis of the Gdańsk Bay south Baltic. A review. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 34(1), 81–90.
Rashcheperin V.K. (1967). Breeding ecology of the round goby, Dissertation, Kaliningrad. 147pp.
Reese E.S. (1964). Reproductive behavior of the gobies in: Ethology and marine zoology. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annual Review. 2, 455–488.
Ricciardi A. & Kipp R. (2008). Predicting the number of ecologically harmful exotic species in an aquatic system. Divers. Distrib. 14, 374–380.
Sapota M.R. (2004). The round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) in the Gulf of Gdańsk — a species introduction into the Baltic Sea. Hydrobiologia. 514, 219–224.
Sapota M.R. & Skóra K.E. (2005). Spreading of alien non-indigenous, fish species Neogobius melanostomus in the Gulf of Gdańsk South Baltic. Biol. Invasions. 7, 157–164.
Sargent R.C. (1988). Paternal care and egg survival both increase with clutch size in the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 23, 33–37.
Skóra K.E. & Stolarski J. (1993). New fish species in the Gulf of Gdańsk. Bull. Sea Fish. Inst. 128, 83.
Skóra K.E. & Stolarski J. (1996). Neogobius.melanostomus Pallas 1811, a new immigrant species in Baltic Sea. Proceedings of the Second International Estuary Symposium held in Gdańsk 18–22 Oct. 1993 Crangon Iss.MBC Gdynia. 1, 101–108.
Tomczak A. (1995). Geological structure and holocene evolution of the polish coastal zone. J. Coast. Res. Spec. Issue. 22, 15–31.
Tomczak M.T. & Sapota M.R. (2006). The fecundity and gonad development cycle of the round goby Neogobius melanostomus Pallas 1811, from the Gulf of Gdańsk. Oceanol. Hydrobiol. Stud. 35, 353–367.
Uścinowicz S. (1999). Southern Baltic area during last deglaciation. Geol. Quart. 43, 137–148.
Wandzel T. (2000). The fecundity and reproduction of round goby N. melanostomus in the Puck Bay. Bull. Sea Fish. Inst. 2, 43–51.
Wickett G. & Corkum L.D. (1998). Nest defense by the non-indigenous fish, the round goby Neogobius melanostomus Gobiidae, on a shipwreck in western Lake Erie. Can. Field-Nat. 112, 653–656.
About this article
Cite this article
Sapota, M.R., Balazy, P. & Mirny, Z. Modification in the nest guarding strategy — one of the reasons of the round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) invasion success in the Gulf of Gdańsk?. Ocean and Hydro 43, 21–28 (2014). https://doi.org/10.2478/s13545-014-0113-3
- non-indigenous species
- underwater observation