Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 358–378 | Cite as

Cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in Polish freshwater bodies

  • Justyna Kobos
  • Agata Błaszczyk
  • Natalia Hohlfeld
  • Anna Toruńska-Sitarz
  • Anna Krakowiak
  • Agnieszka Hebel
  • Katarzyna Sutryk
  • Magdalena Grabowska
  • Magdalena Toporowska
  • Mikołaj Kokociński
  • Beata Messyasz
  • Andrzej Rybak
  • Agnieszka Napiórkowska-Krzebietke
  • Lidia Nawrocka
  • Aleksandra Pełechata
  • Agnieszka Budzyńska
  • Paweł Zagajewski
  • Hanna Mazur-MarzecEmail author
Original Research Paper


In this work, the authors examined the presence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins in 21 samples collected from fresh water bodies located in 5 provinces in Poland: Lublin (2), Podlasie (1), Pomerania (6), Warmia-Masuria (1) and Wielkopolska (11). In addition, to determine the general pattern of geographical distribution, frequency of cyanobacteria occurrence, and cyanotoxins production, the published data from 238 fresh water bodies in Poland were reviewed. On the basis of these collected results, we concluded that Planktothrix, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis and Dolichospermum were dominant. The general pattern in geographical distribution of the identified cyanobacterial genera was typical of other eutrophic waters in Europe. The production of cyanotoxins was revealed in 18 (86%) of the 21 samples analyzed in the present work and in 74 (75%) of the 98 total water bodies for which the presence of toxins had been examined. Among the 24 detected microcystin variants, [Asp3]MC-RR was most common. These results can be verified when more data from the less explored water bodies in the southern and eastern parts of Poland are available.

Key words

cyanobacterial blooms cyanotoxins freshwater cyanobacteria 


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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justyna Kobos
    • 1
  • Agata Błaszczyk
    • 1
  • Natalia Hohlfeld
    • 1
  • Anna Toruńska-Sitarz
    • 1
  • Anna Krakowiak
    • 1
  • Agnieszka Hebel
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Sutryk
    • 1
  • Magdalena Grabowska
    • 2
  • Magdalena Toporowska
    • 3
  • Mikołaj Kokociński
    • 4
  • Beata Messyasz
    • 4
  • Andrzej Rybak
    • 4
  • Agnieszka Napiórkowska-Krzebietke
    • 5
  • Lidia Nawrocka
    • 6
  • Aleksandra Pełechata
    • 4
  • Agnieszka Budzyńska
    • 4
  • Paweł Zagajewski
    • 4
  • Hanna Mazur-Marzec
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Laboratory of Biochemical Ecology of MicroorganismsUniversity of Gdańsk, Faculty of Oceanography and GeographyGdyniaPoland
  2. 2.Department of HydrobiologyUniversity of BiałystokBiałystokPoland
  3. 3.Department of HydrobiologyUniversity of Life Sciences in LublinLublinPoland
  4. 4.Faculty of Biology, Department of HydrobiologyA. Mickiewicz UniversityPoznańPoland
  5. 5.The Stanisław Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute In OlsztynOlsztynPoland
  6. 6.The State School of Higher Professional Education in ElblągInstitute of TechnologyElblągPoland

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