Skip to main content

Fe2+- and Er2+-intercalative modification of porous and electron structure of activated carbon and its influence on supercapacitor parameters


An influence of both porous and electron structure on the processes in an electric double layer (EDL) determining the main working parameters of carbon-based supercapacitors has been studied in order to improve them. The investigations involved impedance spectroscopy, X-ray small angle scattering, confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy, infra-red and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Fe2+- and Er2+-intercallative modifications of nanoporous carbon were performed. It was found that the modification process characteristics correlated with the structure parameters of the EDL.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Conway B.E., Electrochemical Supercapacitors: Scientific Fundamentals and Technological Applications, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishing, New York, 1999.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  2. Candelaria S.L., Chen R., Jeong Y.-H., Cao G., Energ. Environ. Sci., 5 (2012), 5619.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Taberna P.-L., Chevallier G., Simon P., Plée D., Aubert T., Mater. Res. Bull., 41 (2006), 478.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Liang C., Li Z., Dai S., Angew. Chem. Int. Edit., 47 (2008), 3696.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Xing W., Huang C.C., Zhuo S.P., Yuan X., Wang G.Q., Hulicova-Jurcakova D., Yan Z.F., Lu G.Q., Carbon, 47 (2009), 1715.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Seredych M., Hulicova-Jurcakova D., Lu G.Q., Bandosz T.J., Carbon, 46 (2008), 1475.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Venhryn B.Y., Stotsko Z.A., Grygorchak I.I., Bakhmatyuk B.P., Mudry S.I., Ultrason. Sonochem., 20 (2013), 1302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Guo S., Peng J., Li W., Yang K., Zhang L., Zhang S., Xia H., Appl. Surf. Sci., 255 (2009), 8443.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Tseng R.-L., Tseng S.-K., J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 287 (2005), 428.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Armandi M., Bonelli B., Geobaldo F., Garrone E., Micropor. Mesopor. Mat., 132 (2010), 414.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Venhryn B.Y., Grygorchak I.I., Kulyk Y.O., Mudry S.I., Mater. Sci.-Poland, 31 (2013), 126.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Gerischer H., J. Phys. Chem., 89 (1985), 4249.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Chernysh I.H., Karpov I.E., Prykhodko H.P., Shy V.M., Physico-chemical properties of graphite and its compounds, Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Zolotukhin I.V., Kalinin Y.E., Loginova V.I., International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecology (ISJAEE), 9 (2005), 56.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Langford J.I., Wilson A.J.C., J. Appl. Cryst., 11 (1978), 102.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Ravagnan L., Siviero F., Lenardi C., Piseri P., Barborini E., Milani P., Casari C.S., Li B.A., Bottani C.E., Phys. Rev. Lett., 89 (2002), 285506.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Dovbeshko G.I., Gnatyuk O.P., Nazarova A.N., Sementsov Yu.i., Obraztsova E.D., Fuller. Nanotub. Car. N., 13 (2005), 393.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Ferrari A.C., Robertson J., Phys. Rev. B, 64 (2001), 075414.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Benner D.C., Rinsland C.P., Devi V.M., Smith M.A.H., Atkins D., J. Quant. Spectrosc. Ra., 53 (1995), 705.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Ferrari A.C., Robertson J., Phys. Rev. B, 61 (2000), 14095.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Cuesta A., Dhamelincourt P., Laureyns J., Martínez-Alonso A., Tascón J.M.D., Carbon, 32 (1994), 1523.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to B. Ya. Venhryn.

Additional information

This paper was presented at the Conference Functional and Nanostructured Materials, FNMA 11, 6–9 September 2011, Szczecin, Poland.

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Venhryn, B.Y., Grygorchak, I.I., Kulyk, Y.O. et al. Fe2+- and Er2+-intercalative modification of porous and electron structure of activated carbon and its influence on supercapacitor parameters. Mater Sci-Pol 32, 272–280 (2014).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Fe- and Er-intercalative modifications
  • small angle X-ray diffraction
  • specific capacity
  • nanocluster
  • nanoporous carbon
  • supercapacitor