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Predatory arthropods on alternative host plants in area surrounding by soybean-corn succession system

Abstract

The objective of this work was to identify the diversity and abundance of predatory arthropods in three host plants over soybean and corn off-season. During the off-season harvest, from 2014 to 2018, Eustachys retusa, Andropogon bicornis and Saccharum angustifolium (Poales: Poaceae) plants were sampled in the area surrounding a soybean-corn succession system in the municipality of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil. The number obtained for arthropods was sorted into species and number of individuals per species of host plant and clump diameter, used for statistical and SAD analysis. Over the five evaluation years, six species of predatory arthropods were identified, four coccinellids, one Carabidae and one spider (Lycosidae). The air temperature as well as the plant species and the clump diameter interfere in the population density of the sampled predatory arthropods. The analysis SAD showed prevalence for the Lycosa erythrognatha (Araneae: Lycosidae), followed by Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinelidae) for the host plants evaluated in the experiment. In conclusion, plants of E. retusa, A. bicornis and S. angustifolium shelter predatory arthropods in surrounding areas by soybean-corn succession system. The population density of these predatory arthropods is influenced by clump diameter of plants and air temperature during off-season.

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Author information

EE and MPBP, assisted in the bibliographic review, conduction of the experiment, data analysis and scientific writing. DCH RPB and JFZ aided the conduction of the experiment.

Correspondence to Eduardo Engel.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Engel, E., Pasini, M.P.B., Hörz, D.C. et al. Predatory arthropods on alternative host plants in area surrounding by soybean-corn succession system. Biologia (2020). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-019-00410-z

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Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Integrated Pest management
  • Population flow
  • Population dynamics