pp 1–8 | Cite as

Sandwich method applied to the screening of allelopathic action in Byrsonima spp. (Malpighiaceae)

  • Bárbara Christina Silva AmâncioEmail author
  • Kamilla Pacheco Govêa
  • Luciene de Oliveira Ribeiro Trindade
  • Antonio Rodrigues da Cunha Neto
  • Thiago Corrêa de Souza
  • Sandro Barbosa
Original Article


In order to understand the allelochemical action of Byrsonima intermedia A. Juss. and B. verbascifolia Rich. ex A. Juss., the effects on germination, initial growth and cell cycle of Lactuca sativa L., exposed to leaves and fruits of this species, were evaluated using the sandwich method. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and means were compared by the Scott-Knott test (p < 0.05). For the parameters germination percentage and germination rate index, no difference between Byrsonima spp. was observed, and B. intermedia fruits were responsible for the highest inhibition of lettuce germination, compared to the leaves. Root elongation in lettuce exposed to B. verbascifolia organs showed stimulatory effects and B. intermedia organs showed inhibitory effects on root growth. The mitotic index showed the allelopathic effect of Byrsonima spp. by the reduction in cell division in lettuce root meristem, and the stimulus in root elongation was caused by B. verbascifolia, understood as a consequence of cell expansion, not mitotic activity. An aneugenic effect of Byrsonima spp. was observed, and the highest frequency of C-metaphase and stickness was found in B. verbascifolia fruits and B. intermedia leaves.


Allelopathy Cytotoxicity Development Growth Phytotoxicity 



The authors would like to thank Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the postdoctoral fellowship PNPD to Dra. Luciene de Oliveira Ribeiro Trindade, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) and Foundation for Research Support of the State of Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) for the financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bárbara Christina Silva Amâncio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamilla Pacheco Govêa
    • 2
  • Luciene de Oliveira Ribeiro Trindade
    • 2
  • Antonio Rodrigues da Cunha Neto
    • 1
  • Thiago Corrêa de Souza
    • 2
  • Sandro Barbosa
    • 2
  1. 1.Federal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of AlfenasAlfenasBrazil

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