Aphids of the family Adelgidae in Lithuania: distribution, host specificity and molecular (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α) diversity

Abstract

Based on the original research of 2017–2018, also reference data, four aphid species and five species complexes of the family Adelgidae listed for Lithuanian fauna. Pineus (Pineus) strobi (Hartig, 1839) is a new species for the fauna of Lithuania. Summarized information on the distribution and host specificity of adelgid species in Lithuania is presented. The most common species recorded from all geographical regions of Lithuania were the ones belonging to the species complexes Adelges laricis – A. tardus, Pineus orientalis – P. pini, Sacchiphantes viridis – S. abietis and Gilletteella cooleyiG. coweni. Six species of Adelgidae inhabit host plants of the genus Picea, three live on Larix, three – on Pinus, two – on Abies, one – on Pseudotsuga. Partial sequences of mitochondrial (COI) and nuclear (EF-1α) DNA of Lithuanian samples were analysed in comparison with available data from GeneBank representing samples from Central Europe. Pairwise distances of COI and EF-1α fragments between samples belonging to species complexes Adelges laricis – A. tardus, Dreyfusia nordmannianae – D. piceae, Sacchiphantes viridis – S. abietis, Gilletteella cooleyiG. coweni and Pineus orientalisP. pini suggest each species complex being a single species.

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Acknowledgments

This research was funded by grant No P-MIP-17-365 from the Research Council of Lithuania. Authors highly acknowledge an important methodological help of Jan Havelka (Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, CZ-370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic) when performing the present research. Administrations of Dubrava Arboretum, Botanical gardens of Vilnius University, Vytautas Magnus University, Klaipėda University and Šiauliai University have kindly ensured aphid sampling in respective dendrological collections.

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Havelka, J., Danilov, J. & Rakauskas, R. Aphids of the family Adelgidae in Lithuania: distribution, host specificity and molecular (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α) diversity. Biologia 75, 1155–1167 (2020). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-019-00365-1

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Keywords

  • Adelgidae
  • Taxonomy
  • Distribution
  • Europe
  • Mitochondrial COI
  • Nuclear EF-1α