Biologia

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Habitat and management influence on a seasonal diet composition of wild boar

  • Jaroslav Zeman
  • Jan Hrbek
  • Jakub Drimaj
  • Tomáš Kudláček
  • Marta Heroldová
Original Article
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the diet composition of two wild boar populations living in the Czech Republic, one living in a floodplain, broadleaved, forest (A) and the other in a highland mostly coniferous forest (B). Food consumed by A showed to be mostly of natural origin, while that of B was predominantly supplemented. The diet consisting of natural resources was significantly different than the diet including mainly supplemented food. All diversity indices of food volume were higher in lowland localities compared to highland in all season’s cumulative sample. Similarity of the relative volume and relative frequency gradually decreased from spring to winter. Significant differences were found in wild boar consumption of roots (higher in A), grasses (higher in A), seeds and fruits (higher in B) and cereal husks (higher in B). Differences were also found in body mass of the piglets in A, as piglets were dominant group in both localities. Food supply of the localities and population management by the wildlife managers (supplemented food) were the main factors influencing the diet composition of the wild boar.

Keywords

Highland Floodplain Sus scrofa Food Seasons Body mass 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to our colleagues from Department Management for helping with material collection. This research was supported by the IGA LDF MENDELU 11/2015 and COST No. LD14052 projects.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Compliance with ethical standard

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Zoology, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife ManagementMendel University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Forest EcologyMendel University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic

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