Biologia

, Volume 69, Issue 11, pp 1606–1614 | Cite as

Biological activity of Melia azedarach extracts against Spodoptera exigua

  • Nikoletta Ntalli
  • Agnieszka Kopiczko
  • Katarzyna Radtke
  • Pawel Marciniak
  • Grzegorz Rosinski
  • Zbigniew Adamski
Section Zoology
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Melia azedarach is a plant species whose fruits posses nematicidal and insecticidal activity. In this study, we tested two M. azedarach extracts: a crude methanolic fruit extract (CRU) and its limonoids fraction (LIM) produced after partitioning with dichloromethane to check their insecticidal activity against beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua. Both extracts disturbed development of S. exigua. After exposure to CRU and LIM, hatching success was slightly lower, larval-pupal and pupal-imago moulting was significantly disturbed. In physiological studies, CRU extracts decreased the heartbeat of S. exigua pupae. Electron microscopic studies revealed that both extracts caused malformations of fat body and midgut cells. The most common observed malformations were: vacuolization of mitochondria, swollen endoplasmic reticulum and degeneration of nuclei. Obtained results indicated that M. azedarach fruits are a source of substances that may be used in plant protection against S. exigua. Despite the fact that M. azedarach extracts do not cause acute effects, their usage may lead to serious disturbances within exposed insects and significantly decrease activity of pests.

Key words

Spodoptera exigua Melia azedarach insecticidal activity insect tissue ultrastructure insect physiology 

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Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikoletta Ntalli
    • 1
  • Agnieszka Kopiczko
    • 2
    • 3
  • Katarzyna Radtke
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pawel Marciniak
    • 3
  • Grzegorz Rosinski
    • 3
  • Zbigniew Adamski
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Pesticide Science Laboratory, Faculty of AgricultureAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Electron and Confocal Microscope Laboratory, Faculty of BiologyAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland
  3. 3.Department of Animal Physiology and DevelopmentAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland

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