Advertisement

Biologia

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 934–938 | Cite as

Size structures and comparative phenology of syntopic populations of Hirudo verbana and Hirudo medicinalis in eastern Ukraine

  • Marina V. KovalenkoEmail author
  • Serge Yu. Utevsky
Section Zoology

Abstract

Ranges of different species of medicinal leeches (Hirudo spp.) are nearly mutually exclusive with very few areas of overlapping. This biogeographical pattern suggests different ecological requirements for the two species. However, two habitats in Hungary and Ukraine where populations of H. verbana and H. medicinalis coexist were found. The aim of this research was to reveal differences in size structures and phenologies between the two species in a steppe pond with two populations. The study was conducted from March to September in 2009 and 2010 in Horila Dolyna, Kharkiv Region. Leeches were collected several times during the season, weighed and released. The abundance of H. verbana was always higher. The Mann-Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon test were applied. Significant differences between sequential samples within the species were found. The large weight classes of H. verbana emerged by the end of summer and caused a higher variance in contrast to H. medicinalis. This suggests the higher growth rate and the more r-strategic biology of H. verbana in comparison with the largely K-strategic H. medicinalis.

Key words

wetlands Hirudo verbena Hirudo medicinalis medicinal leech phenology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Darabi-Darestani K. & Malek M. 2011. Seasonal variation in the occurrence of the medicinal leech Hirudo orientalis in Guilan Province, Iran. Aquat. Biol. 11(3): 289–294. DOI: 10.3354/ab00310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Declan W.A., Catarsi S. & Drapeau P. 1998. Ionotropic and metabotropic activation of a neuronal chloride channel by serotonin and dopamine in the leech Hirudo medicinalis. J. Physiol. 509(Pt 1): 211–219. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.211bo.xGoogle Scholar
  3. Demirsoy A., Kasparek M., Akbulut A., Durmuş Y., Akbulut N. & Çalışkan M. 2001. Phenology of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis L. in north-western Turkey. Hydrobiologia 462(1–3): 19–24. DOI: 10.1023/A:1013153804463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Elliott J.M. 2008. Population size, weight distribution and food in a persistent population of the rare medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis. Freshwater Biol. 53(8): 1502–1512. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.01978.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org (accessed 01.06.2011)
  6. Lukin E.I. 1976. Piyavki presnykh i solonovatykh vodoemov [Freshwater and saline basin leeches]. Fauna SSSR. Piyavki [Leeches]. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Vol. 1., N.S. Ľ 109. Nauka, Leningrad, 484 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Moquin-Tandon A. 1846. Monographie de la famille des Hirudinées. Chez J.-B. Ailliére, A Paris, 454 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nesemann H. & Neubert E. 1999. Annelidae, Clitellata: Brachiobdellida, Acanthobdellea, Hirudinea. In: Schwoerbel J. & Zwick P. (eds), Süßwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa 6:2, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, 178 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Petrauskienė L. 2004. The medicinal leech as a convenient tool for water toxicity assessment. Environ. Toxicol. 19(4): 336–341. DOI: 10.1002/tox.20039PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Petrauskienė L., Utevska O. & Utevsky S. 2011. Reproductive biology and ecological strategies of three species of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo). J. Nat. Hist. 45(11–12): 737–747. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2010.535918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Phillips A.J. & Siddall M.E. 2009. Poly-paraphyly of Hirudinidae: many lineages of medicinal leeches. BMC Evolut. Biol. 9: 246. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sawyer R.T. 1986. Leech Biology and Behavior. Vol. 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 360 pp. ISBN: 0198576226, 9780198576228Google Scholar
  13. Siddall M.E., Trontelj P., Utevsky S.Y., Nkamany M. & Macdonald III K.S. 2007. Diverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially Hirudo medicinalis available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis. Proc. R. Soc. B. 274(1617): 1481–1487. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2007.0248PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Trontelj P., Sotler M. & Verovnik R. 2004. Genetic differentiation between two species of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis and the neglected H. verbana, based on random-amplified polymorphic DNA. Parasitol. Res. 94(2): 118–124. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-004-1181-xPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Trontelj P. & Utevsky S.Y. 2005. Celebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematics of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo). Molec. Phylogen. Evolut. 34(3): 616–624. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Trontelj P. & Utevsky S.Y. 2012. Phylogeny and phylogeography of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo): Fast dispersal and shallow genetic structure. Molec. Phylogen. Evolut. 63(2): 475–485. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.01.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Utevsky S. & Trontelj P. 2005. A new species of the medicinal leech (Oligochaeta, Hirudinida, Hirudo) from Transcaucasia and an identification key for the genus Hirudo. Parasitol. Res. 98(1): 61–66. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-005-0017-7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Utevsky S., Utevsky A., Gamulya Y. & Akimova K. 2000. Ob osobennostyakh hydroekosistem urochishcha “Gorelaya dolina” (Harkovskaya oblast) [About features of hydroecosystems of the tract “Horila dolyna” (Kharkiv region)], pp. 315–319. In: Sbornik Trudov mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Ekologicheskaya i tekhnogennaya bezopasnost”, Kharkiv, 394 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Utevsky S., Zagmajster M., Atemasov A., Zinenko O., Utevska O., Utevsky A. & Trontelj P. 2010. Distribution and status of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo) in the Western Palaearctic: anthropogenic, ecological, or historical effects? Aquatic Conserv. Mar. Freshwater Ecosyst. 20(2): 198–210. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Utevsky S.Y., Zinenko A.I., Atemasov A.A., Huseynov M.A., Utevska O.M. & Utevsky A.Y. 2008. New information on the distribution of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo) in the Iberian Peninsula, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Lauterbornia 65: 119–130.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Animal EcologyV.N. Karazin Kharkiv National UniversityKharkivUkraine

Personalised recommendations