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Road vegetation in Central Europe — an example from the Czech Republic

Abstract

Road nets are man-made constructions in the open landscape with a specific vegetation accompaniment in a verge or band along the road or in a divider strip. A determination of six basic vegetation types of bands along roads is possible in Central Europe (tree lines, planting area, forest stand, early successful growth, bushes band, grassy-herbal associations). In the Czech Republic, grassy-herbal communities growing on road verges are mainly formed by perennials, hemicryptophyts, and species with tendency towards pollination by insects and to anemochory and exozoochory. 40% woody and 25% herbaceous species which are non-native for Central Europe form a part of them. Three halophyte species are growing in closed lines along asphalt: Puccinellia distans, Digitaria sanguinalis and Spergularia rubra.

Roads and highways should be made and used with respect to the ecological potential of roadside vegetation. However, the road net functioned as a corridor for invasive (planting or spreading) plant species.

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Correspondence to Božena Šerá.

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Šerá, B. Road vegetation in Central Europe — an example from the Czech Republic. Biologia 63, 1085–1088 (2008). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0152-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-008-0152-6

Key words

  • highway
  • invasion
  • maintenance
  • soil
  • tree
  • weed