Helminthologia

, 48:145 | Cite as

Revision of chamois infection by lung nematodes under ecological conditions of national parks of Slovakia with respect to ongoing global climate changes

  • A. Štefančíková
  • B. Chovancová
  • B. Hájek
  • V. Dudiňák
  • V. Šnábel
Article

Summary

The aim of our study was to analyze helminth status and to evaluate ecological conditions for infections of chamois with lung nematodes in national parks of Slovakia during global warming. The autopsies and larvoscopic examination of faeces collected from localities inhabited by Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) in Tatra National Park (TANAP) and Low Tatras National Park (NAPANT) revealed the presence of following protostrongylids: Muellerius capillaris, Neostrongylus linearis and the specific chamois species Muellerius tenuispiculatus. Same species of lung nematodes were found in introduced chamois of Alpine origin (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) in the Slovak National Park Veľká Fatra (NAPVF) and the Slovak Paradise National Park (NAPSR), and in the latter park also geohelminth Dictyocaulus viviparus was sporadically determined. The mean prevalence of lung nematodes in individual parks varied from 70.9 to 97.2 %. The mean number of L1 larvae per 1 g of faeces in Tatra chamois from TANAP in Belianske Tatras and in Alpine subspecies from NAPSR corresponded to a high level of infection (120.3 and 110.1, respectively). In other studied biotopes the mean number of L1 larvae (19.4–42.5) revealed the moderate infection. Although no significant differences concerning levels of infection within the monitored years were observed, the level of infection during the summer was significantly lower than that during spring and autumn periods. The variety of snail species as the intermediate hosts of lung nematodes provide suitable conditions for the development of lung nematodes in the all studied Slovak National Parks. Global climatic changes have also likely contributed to an increase of infectivity rate.

Keywords

Muellerius tenuispiculatus Muellerius capillaris Neostrongylus linearis chamois National Parks Slovakia 

References

  1. Aulagnier, S., Giannatos, G., Herrero, J. (2008): Rupicapra rupicapra. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. Retrieved June 23, 2010 from http://www.iucnredlist.org.
  2. Balajka, J., Lapin, M., Mindáš, J., Šťastný, P., Thalmainerová, D. (2005): The Fourth National Communication of the Slovak Republic on Climate Change. Slovak Ministry of Environment. Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/slknc4.pdf.
  3. Balbo, T. (1973): Indagini sulla situazione parassitologica nei mammiferi del Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso. Parasitologia, 15: 301–312Google Scholar
  4. Balbo, T., Costantini, R., Peracino, V. (1975): Indagini sulla diffusione dei nematodi polmonari nello stambecco (Capra ibex) e nel camoscio (Rupicapra rupicapra) del Parco Nationale del gran Paradiso e della Riserva di Valdieri. Parasitologia, 17: 65–68Google Scholar
  5. Bidoveč, A., Valentinič, S., Kuses, M. (1985): Parasitic pneumonia in chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra L) in Slovenia. In: Lovary, S. (Ed) The Biology and management of mountain ungulates. Croom Helm., London, pp. 240–242Google Scholar
  6. Blahout, M. (1976): Chamois game. Príroda, Bratislava, 171 pp. (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  7. Blahout, M. (1977): Some anthropic effects on chamois in the Tatras National Park. In Proceedings “Studies of TANAP”, Osveta Martin, 19: 127–168, (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  8. Cancrini, G., Iori, A., Rossi, L., Fico, R. (1985): Occurence of pulmonari and gastrointestinal nematodes in the Abruzzo chamois. In: Lovary S. (Ed) The Biology and management of mountain ungulates. Croom Helm., London, pp. 256–257Google Scholar
  9. Caprinae Specialist Group 2000. Rupicapra rupicapra ssp. tatrica. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on April 21, 2007 from http://www.iucnredlist.org
  10. Chroust, K. (1991): Parasite fauna of chamois in Jeseníky. Folia venatoria, 21: 77–88 (In Czech)Google Scholar
  11. Ciberej, J., Letková, V., Kačúr, M. (1997): Helminth fauna of alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupucapra rupicapra) in area Paradise. Slov. Vet. J., 22(6): 301–302Google Scholar
  12. Clark, W. C., Clarke C. M. H. (1981): Parasites of chamois in New Zeland. New Zeland Vet. J. 29, 144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Diez, P., Diez, N., Anton, A., Morrondo, M. P. (1987): Principales problemas parasitarios del rebeco en la Cordillera Cantábrica. Actas de las Jornadas de Estudio sobre la Montaña. Edit. URZ, 337–350Google Scholar
  14. Diez, P., Diez, N., Morrondo, P., Cordero, M. (1990): Broncho-pulmonary helminths of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra parva) captured in north. west Spain: assessment from first stage larvae in faeces and lungs. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp., 65(2): 74–79Google Scholar
  15. Gašinec, I. (2002): Eliminating the impact of negative anthropogenic factors on decrease in the Tatra Chamois population in Tatras National Park. In: Janiga M., Švajda J. (Eds) Chamois protection. TANAP, NAPANT, IHAB, Tatranská Štrba, Banská Bystrica, Tatranská Javorina, 217–228Google Scholar
  16. Gebauer, O. (1932): Zur Kenntnis der Parasitenfauna der Gemse. Zeitsch. Parasit. 4(2): 147–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Genchi, C., Manfredi, M. T., Sioli, C. (1984): Les infestation naturelles des chévres par les strongyles pulmonaires en milieu Alpin. In: Les maladies de la chevre, Niort (France), 9 - 11 octobre, 1984, INRA 28: 347–352Google Scholar
  18. Houdek, I., Bohuš, I. (1976): The story of the Tatras. Šport, Bratislava, 241 pp. (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  19. Hörning, B. (1975): Die rolle des Parasitenbefalls in den Wildbeständen. Schweiz. Zeitsch. Forstwesen 5: 361–372Google Scholar
  20. Hörning, B., Wandeler, A. (1968): Der Lungenwurmbefall von Reh und Gemse in einigen Gebieten der Schweiz. Rev. Suis. Zool. 75: 597–608Google Scholar
  21. Hugonnet, L., Euzéby, J. (1980): La parasitisme chez les jeunes chamois de la réserve naturelle des Bauges. Bull. Acad. Vet. France, 53: 77–85Google Scholar
  22. Hugonnet, L., Montagut, G., Euzéby, J. (1981): Incidences réciproques des infestations helminthiques des ruminants sauvages et des ovins domestiques en alpage en Vanoise. Bull. Soc. Sci. Vet. Med. Com. Lyon, 83: 193–199Google Scholar
  23. Kotrlá, B., Černý, V., Kotrlý, A., Minář, J., Ryšavý, B., Šebek, Z. (1984): Parasitoses of game. Edition Academia Praha, 191 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Krokavec, M. Jr., Krokavec, M. Sr. (1991): Helminth fauna of Alpine chamois in the Slovak Paradise. Veterinářství, 41(3–4): 76–77 (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  25. Kutzer, E., Hinaidy, H. K. (1969): Die Parasiten der wildlebenden Wiederkäuer Österreichs. Zeitsch. Parasit. 32: 354–368Google Scholar
  26. Ložek, V. (1974): The Key to molluscs of Czechoslovakia. Edition SAS, Bratislava, 289 pp. (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  27. Nocture, M., Cabaret, J., Hugonnet-Chapelle, L. (1998): Protostrongylid nematode infection of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) at the Bauges massif. (French Alps). Vet. Parasitol. 77: 153–161. DOI: 10.1016/S0304-4017(97)00053-8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Panaytova-Pencheva, M. S. (2006): New records of protostrongylid lungworms from wild ruminants in Bulgaria. Vet. Med. 51(10): 477–484Google Scholar
  29. Pupkov, P.M., (1971): Helminth fauna of Rupicapra rupicapra caucasica in Central Caucasus. In: Trudy Gorskogo Geľskohozyaistvennogo Inst. Yubileinyi., 32: 331–333 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  30. Radúch, J., Karč, P. (1981): Current status and prospects of chamois population in the Low Tatras National Park. In: Proceeding of Current status and prospects of introduced populations of Tatra chamois in Slovakia. Publ. House Technol. ČSVTS Banská Bystrica, pp. 7–30 (In Slovak)Google Scholar
  31. Radúch, J. (2002): The importance of predators in the ecology of the Tatra chamois. In: Janiga M., Švajda J. (Eds.) Chamois protection. TANAP, NAPANT, IHAB, Tatranská Štrba, Banská Bystrica, Tatranská Javorina, pp. 56–66Google Scholar
  32. Salzman, H. C., Hörning, B. (1974): Der parasitologische Zustand von Gemspopulationen des Schweizarischen Juras im Vergleich zu Alpengemsen. Zeitsch. Jagdwiss. 20: 105–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sattlerová-Štefančíková, A. (1982): The resistance of first stage larvae of Muellerius spp. and Neostrongylus linearis (from the feces of chamois, Rupicapra r. tatrica) to different physical factors under laboratory and natural conditions. Helminthologia. 19: 151–160Google Scholar
  34. Sattlerová-Štefančíková, A. (1987): Ecological con ditions for lungworm infections of chamois in the Tatra National Park. Biológia (Bratislava), 42: 113–119Google Scholar
  35. Sattlerová-Štefančíková, A. (2005): Chamois and its parasites. PressPrint, Košice, 124 pp. (In Slovak, summary in English).Google Scholar
  36. Statsoft Inc.: STATISTICA (Data Analysis Software System), Version 6, 2001, http://statsoft.com
  37. Stroh, G. (1936): Lungenwurmfunde bei 100 Gemsen und ihre Krankmachende Bedeutung. Berl. Tierärz. Wschr. 43: 696–699Google Scholar
  38. Štefančíková, A. (1994): Lung nematodes of chamois in the Low Tatra National Park, Slovakia. J. Helminthol. 68: 347–351PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Štefančíková, A. (1999): Lung nematodes in chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra) of the Slovak Paradise National Park. Acta Parasitol. 44(4): 255–260Google Scholar
  40. Štefančíková, A., Chovancová, B., Dubinský P., Tomašovičová, O., Čorba, J., Königová, B., Hovorka, I., Vasilková, Z. (1999): Lung nematodes of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) from the Tatra National Park, Slovakia. J. Helminthol. 73: 259–263PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Zemanová, B, Hájková, P, Bryja, J, Mikulíček, P, Martínková, N, Hájek, B., Zima, J. (2007): Conservation genetics of chamois populations in Slovakia. In: Prigioni C., Sforzi A (Eds). Abstracts V European Congress of Mammalogy. Hystrix It. J. Mamm. (ns) Vol 1–2, Suppl. (2007), 28 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Štefančíková
    • 1
  • B. Chovancová
    • 2
  • B. Hájek
    • 3
  • V. Dudiňák
    • 4
  • V. Šnábel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ParasitologySlovak Academy SciencesKošiceSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Tatra National Park Research StationTatranská LomnicaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Government Slovak Paradise National ParkSpišská Nová VesSlovak Republic
  4. 4.T-Systems Slovakia Ltd.KošiceSlovak Republic

Personalised recommendations