Structure of Metastrongylidae in wild boars from southern Poland

Summary

Of 25 wild boars (Sus scrofa) collected in southern Poland during the winter season of 2009/2010 and examined for lung nematodes, 20 (80.0 %) were concominantly infected, and the mean ± SD intensity reached 84.8 ± 67.6 (range 7–250) parasites. From the whole of 1695 gathered Metastrongylidae specimens, 1121 (66.1 %) were distinguished to five species: Metastrongylus pudendotectus, M. salmi, M. asymmetricus, M. elongatus and M. confusus. The species ratios were 3.4:2.7:1.5:1.1:1.0, respectively, with the average male to female worms proportion of 1:2.7. M. pudendotectus and M. confusus affected most (76.0 %) of animals, followed by M. salmi (72.0 %), M. elongatus (64.0 %) and M. asymmetricus (40.0 %). Compared to juveniles under 1 year and females, adults and male hosts tended to be more infected, and wild boars inhabiting primeval forest were more affected by lung nematodes than those living in the arable land, all the differences being however not significant. Possible factors structuring Metastrongylidae communities are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Barutzki, D., Richter, R. (1990): Investigations on the endoparasitic infection of wild boars from open areas. Z. Jagdwiss. 36: 244–251 (in German)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1990): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: species spectrum and infection frequency. Tieraerztl. Prax., 18(5): 529–534 (in German)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Barutzki, D., Schoierer, R., Gothe, R. (1991): Helminth infections in wild boars kept in enclosures in southern Germany: severity of infections and fecal intensity. Tieraerztl. Prax., 19(6): 644–648 (in German)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Biddau, M., Cherchi, M., Cabras, P. A., Mesina, G., Deiana, A. M., Garippa, G. (2003): Lungworms in wild boars from the Nuoro Province. J. Mt. Ecol., 7(Suppl.): 185–187 (in Italian)

    Google Scholar 

  5. De-la-muela, N., Hernández-de-luján, S., Ferre, I. (2001): Helminths of wild boar in Spain. J. Wildl. Dis., 37(4): 840–843

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Drożdż, J., Zalewska-schönthaler, N. (1987): Metastrongylus confusus Jansen, 1964 — a new for Poland lung nematode of wild boar. Wiad. Parazytol., 33: 217–218 (in Polish)

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Epe, C., Spellmeyer, O., Stoye, M. (1997): Investigations on the occurrence of endoparasites in wild boars. Z. Jagdwiss., 43: 99–104 (in German)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Ewing, M. S., Ewing, S. A., Keener, M. S., Mulholland, R. J. (1982): Mutualism among parasitic nematodes: a population model. Ecol. Mod., 15(4): 353–366

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Fernandez-de-mera, I. G., Gortazar, C., Vicente, J., HÖFLE, U., Fierro, Y. (2003): Wild boar helminths: risks in animal translocations. Vet. Parasitol., 115: 335–341

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Forrester, D. J., Porter, J. H., Belden, R. C., Frankenburger, W. B. (1982): Lungworms of feral swine in Florida. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc., 181(11): 1278–1280

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Frączak, K. (1974): An attempt at determining the role of parasites as a factor controlling the numbers of a wild boar (Sus scrofa) population. Wiad. Parazytol., 5: 747–749

    Google Scholar 

  12. Gadomska, K. (1981): The qualitative and quantitative structure of the helminthocoenosis of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) living in natural (Kampinos National Park) and breeding conditions. Acta Parasit. Pol., 28: 151–170

    Google Scholar 

  13. Holló F. 1965a. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. I. Frequency of metastrongylosis and species causing it in Hungary. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 45–60

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. Holló F. 1965b. Investigations on metastrongylosis in swine. II. Some remarks to the morphology of Metastrongylus salmi, Gedoelst, 1923 with special reference to its differentiation from M. apri. Acta Vet. Acad. Sci. Hung., 15: 259–268

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Holz, J., Lian, A. G. T. (1968): The differences in virulence of Metastrongylus elongatus (Dujardin, 1845) and M. pudendotectus (Wostokow, 1905) species to Sus scrofa (javanica). Wiad. Parazytol., 14(1): 79–82 (in Polish)

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Houszka, M. (2001): Metastrongylosis as an agent in the population decrease of wild boars. Medycyna Wet., 57: 638–640 (in Polish)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Humbert, J. F., Henry, C. (1989): Studies on the prevalence and the transmission of lung and stomach nematodes of the wild boar (Sus scrofa) in France. J. Wildl. Dis., 25(3): 335–341

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Jansen J. (1964): On the lungworms of the wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) in the Netherlands, with a description of Metastrongylus confusus n.sp. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk., 89: 1205–1211

    Google Scholar 

  19. JÄRVIS, T., Kapel, C., Moks, E., Talvik, H., MÄGI, E. (2007): Helminths of wild boar in the isolated population close to the northern border of its habitat area. Vet. Parasitol., 150: 366–369

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Kamieniarz, R., Panek M. (2008): Game animals in Poland at the turn of the 20thand 21stcentury. Czempiń, Stacja Badawcza — OHZ PZŁ w Czempiniu, pp. 46–49 (in Polish)

    Google Scholar 

  21. Morita, T., Haruta, K., Shibata-Haruta, A., Kanda, E., Imai, S, Ike, K. (2007): Lung worms of wild boars in the western region of Tokyo, Japan. J. Vet. Med. Sci., 69: 417–420

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Noda, R. (1973): A new species of Metastrongylus (Nematoda) from a wild boar with remarks on other species. Bull. Univ. Osaka Pref. Ser. B, 25: 21–29

    Google Scholar 

  23. Nosal, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B., Morawski, P. (2009a): Foreign parasites in European wild boar population. In Parazytozy zwierząt wolno żyjących: ᅠwiadomoᅠć narastającego problemu, September 21–22, 2009. Warsaw, Poland: Institute of Parasitology, Polish Academy of Siences, Warsaw, Poland, 2009, p. 61 (in Polish)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Nosal, P., Morawski, P., Kowal, J., Nowosad, B. (2009b): The first record of the lungworm, Metastrongylus asymmetricus (Noda, 1973), in the wild boar from Poland. Wiad. Parazytol., 55(3): 227–230 (in Polish)

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  25. Pence, D. B., Warren, R. J., Ford, C. R. (1988): Visceral helminth communities of an insular population of feral swine. J. Wildl. Dis., 24(1): 105–112

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. Rajković-Janje, R., Bosnić, S., Rimac, D., Dragičević, P., Vinković, B. (2002): Prevalence of helminths in wild boar from hunting grounds in eastern Croatia. Z. Jagdwiss., 48: 261–270

    Google Scholar 

  27. Roepstorff, A., Nansen, P. (1998): Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Control of Helminth Parasites of Swine. Rome, FAO, 161 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  28. RÓZSA, L., Reiczigel, J., Majoros, G. (2000): Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. J. Parasitol., 86(2): 228–232

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Sato, H., Suzuki, K., Yokoyama M. (2008): Visceral helminths of wild boars (Sus scrofa leucomystax) in Japan, with special reference to a new species of the genus Morgascaridia Inglis, 1958 (Nematoda: Schneidernematidae). J. Helminthol., 82: 159–168

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Sobieszewski, K. (1969): Metastrongylosis of swine originating from the Lublin Palatinate. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 16: 91–95

    Google Scholar 

  31. Tarczyński, S. (1956): Parasitic worms of swine and wild boars in Poland. Acta Parasitol. Pol., 4: 663–779 (in Polish)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Nosal.

About this article

Cite this article

Nosal, P., Kowal, J. & Nowosad, B. Structure of Metastrongylidae in wild boars from southern Poland. Helminthologia 47, 212–218 (2010). https://doi.org/10.2478/s11687-010-0033-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Metastrongylus spp.
  • wild boars
  • southern Poland